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Linda

American Staffordshire Terrier

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“Linda was a very loved service dog & companion. She was fostered Feb 28, 2012 from the NYC ACC in Manhattan after being placed on "death row" for being ill. She had been found wandering and was ~6yo. A shelter favorite, I soon adopted her. She lived with me until she passed from complications of megaesophagus on Oct 24, 2018. She started dog reactive, but became a service dog who could be trusted with all creatures. Everyone who met her said she had a human soul. She didn't bark, but grumbled.”

Instagram tag
@dogsandfishel

Current Location

Fairbanks, Alaska, USA

From

Animal Care Centers of NYC - Manhattan, East 110th Street, New York, NY, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 298 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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American Staffordshire Terrier

American Staffordshire Terriers are powerful but playful dogs that are both loyal and affectionate with their owners.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.8 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

59 lbs

Genetic Age
120 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Linda’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Good news!

Linda is not at increased risk for the genetic health conditions that Embark tests.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Staffordshire Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Linda’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A17

Map

A1a

Linda’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A17

Linda’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this common haplotype is found in village dogs across the globe. Among breed dogs, we find it most frequently in Labrador Retrievers, Boxers, and Mastiffs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Linda inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Linda is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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