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“Limit”
Twisted Logic of Dark Brightness

Belgian Shepherd

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Place of Birth

Emmeloord, Nederland

Current Location

Netherlands

From

Emmeloord, Nederland

This dog has been viewed and been given 1 wag

Registration

NHSB: 3039772

Genetic Breed Result

Twisted Logic of Dark Brightness

“Limit”
Twisted Logic of Dark Brightness

Belgian Shepherd
51.0% Belgian Tervuren
49.0% Belgian Sheepdog

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

43 lbs

Genetic Age
47 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Belgian Tervuren
Belgian Sheepdog

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Changes to this dog’s profile
  • On 1/15/2020 changed name from "Limit" to "Twisted Logic of Dark Brightness"

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Health Summary

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Limit has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Limit inherited both copies of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Limit has two copies of a variant in the GPT gene and is likely to have a lower than average baseline ALT activity. ALT is a commonly used measure of liver health on routine veterinary blood chemistry panels. As such, your veterinarian may want to watch for changes in Limit's ALT activity above their current, healthy, ALT activity. As an increase above Limit’s baseline ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII (GUSB Exon 3, German Shepherd Variant)

Identified in Belgian Sheepdogs, Belgian Shepherds, and more

Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia 1 (KCNJ10)

Identified in Belgian Sheepdogs, Belgian Shepherds, and more

Spongy Degeneration with Cerebellar Ataxia 2 (ATP1B2)

Identified in Belgian Sheepdogs, Belgian Shepherds, and more

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
Can have a melanistic mask (EmEm)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
Any light hair likely white or cream (Dilute Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Fawn Sable coat color pattern (ayay)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (BB)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not expressed (NN)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely to have little to no white in coat (SS)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely long coat (TT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding (CC)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Larger (NN)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Limit’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B57

Map

B1

Twisted Logic of Dark Brightness’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B57

Twisted Logic of Dark Brightness’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we have detected this haplotype in Belgian Tervurens, Belgian Malinois, Schipperkes, and village dogs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Limit inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Limit is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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