Venn diagram

Compare your dogs to Leopold Select one to begin:

Leopold

Mixed Breed

Smarter dog care powered by DNA
SHOP NOW

“He is a rescue from last hope k9 from the nations parks set (Zion). His mother was a Dachshund but father is unknown. He bays a little like a hound breed and is very energetic. He likes to jump high from a complete standstill. The rescue thought he had min pin in him due to the raised toes. I think he has Beagle in him or at least some amount of hound aside from Dachshund. He is brown with a little bit of blended black at the points and very occasional splashes of white (toes/chest).”

Place of Birth

Little Rock, Arkansas, USA

Current Location

Natick, Massachusetts, USA

From

Boston, MA, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 0 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Loading...

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Dachshund

The Dachshund, meaning “badger dog” in German, is a lively breed with a friendly personality and a great sense of smell. Known for their long and low bodies, they are spirited hunters that excel in both above and below-ground work. They come in three different coat varieties (smooth, wirehaired or longhaired) and can be miniature or standard size.

Learn More

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

Learn More

Beagle

The Beagle is a scent hound and a great family pet. They are known for being affectionate and having loud voices.

Learn More

Rat Terrier

The Rat Terrier is an American dog breed with a background as a farm dog and hunting companion.

Learn More

Maltese

Maltese dogs are confident and friendly toy dogs, that can be high maintenance but boast a beautiful white silky coat.

Learn More

Pug

The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.

Learn More

Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Loading...

Dogs Like Leopold

Venn diagram

Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Leopold. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Dachshund
American Pit Bull Terrier
Beagle
Rat Terrier
Maltese
Pug
Supermutt

Explore

Would you like more information? You can contact us at:

Leopold
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Rat Terrier / Dachshund mix Pug / American Pit Bull Terrier mix Dachshund / Maltese mix Beagle / American Pit Bull Terrier mix Rat Terrier Dachshund mix Pug mix American Pit Bull Terrier mix Dachshund Maltese mix Beagle American Pit Bull Terrier

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Leopold’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Health Summary

danger icon

Leopold is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

danger icon

Leopold inherited both copies of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Leopold has two copies of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

good icon

Factor VII Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

May-Hegglin Anomaly

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

Congenital Hypothyroidism

Identified in Rat Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Beagles and Dachshunds

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Identified in Beagles

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Rat Terriers

Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

Identified in Beagles

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Glycogen Storage Disease Type IA, Von Gierke Disease, GSD IA

Identified in Malteses

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A, MPS IIIA

Identified in Dachshunds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, NCL 1

Identified in Dachshunds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 2, NCL 2

Identified in Dachshunds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration

Identified in Beagles

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Pugs

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Narcolepsy

Identified in Dachshunds

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia

Identified in Beagles

Cobalamin Malabsorption

Identified in Beagles

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome, MLS

Identified in Beagles

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Beagles

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Dachshunds

Limb-Girdle Muscular Dystrophy 2D

Identified in Dachshunds

Additional Genetic Conditions

good icon

Clinical Tools

good icon

Explore

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Through Leopold’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A393

Map

A1a

Leopold’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A393

Leopold’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Yorkshire Terriers, Russel-type Terriers, and Tibetan Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Through Leopold’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.45

Map

A1a

Leopold’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.45

Leopold’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore