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Leo

Mixed Breed

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“Leo was a rescue from South Carolina. He was brought to Maryland in November of 2018. He was found on the street. He was super timid at first but has really come out of his shell in the past few months. It is really amazing! He is so playful and loves his mommy and daddy very much.”

Instagram tag
@leobubrollins

Place of Birth

South Carolina, USA

Current Location

Dundalk, Maryland, USA

From

Jarrettsville, Maryland, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 1 wag

Genetic Breed Result

American Foxhound

American Foxhounds, the American cousin of the English Foxhounds, are a lucky breed because their history and ancestry are well documented. They came over to the New World in 1650 with a man named Robert Brooke, who sailed from England to Crown Colony in North America (now modern day Maryland and Virginia). This pack of hunting dogs, beloved by the Brooke Family for hundreds of years, evolved to become the American Foxhound. The Brooke hounds were likely mixed with French hounds that were also brought to the Americas, and it was this mix of European breeds that eventually gave us our beloved American Foxhound.

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American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

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German Shepherd Dog

German Shepherds are confident, courageous dogs with a keen sense of smell and notable intelligence. These are active working dogs who excel at many canine sports and tasks -- they are true utility dogs! Their versatility combined with their loyal companionship has them consistently listed as one of the most popular breeds in the United States.

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American English Coonhound

American English Coonhounds, perhaps more commonly known as Redtick Coonhounds, are an American breed of dog that originated in the Southern United States. As the descendants of hunting dogs brought over to the New World from Europe in the 17th and 18th centuries, American English Coonhounds are still valued today for their excellence as hunting dogs and loving dispositions.

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Rottweiler

Originally used for driving cattle and protecting valuable convoys, Rottweilers are now popular family pets as well as guard, police and military dogs.

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Pointer

The Pointer is a hard-working bird dog that is happiest when on the hunt. This is a high-energy breed that will be more than a handful for first-time owners. When given a job and plenty of room to run around, the Pointer can make for a wonderful companion.

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American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dogs belong to the spitz family and they actually came from Germany. They got their start in American circuses due to their intelligence. Today, Eskies make wonderful family pets.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

3 % HIGH

Predicted Adult Weight

76 lbs

Genetic Age
33 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Leo

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Leo. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
American Foxhound
American Pit Bull Terrier
German Shepherd Dog
American English Coonhound
Rottweiler
Pointer
American Eskimo Dog

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Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Leo
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed American Foxhound / American English Coonhound mix Rottweiler / German Shepherd Dog mix American Pit Bull Terrier / German Shepherd Dog mix American Foxhound / American English Coonhound mix American Foxhound American English Coonhound mix Rottweiler mix German Shepherd Dog mix American Pit Bull Terrier German Shepherd Dog mix American Foxhound mix American English Coonhound mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Leo’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Leo has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Leo inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Leo has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Leo has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Leo is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Leo’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Factor VII Deficiency

Identified in American Foxhounds

Hemophilia A

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Hemophilia A

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Thrombopathia

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III, CLAD III

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Cone Degeneration

Identified in Pointers

Day Blindness

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and German Shepherd Dogs

Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs and German Shepherd Dogs

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy

Identified in Rottweilers

Acral Mutilation Syndrome

Identified in Pointers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Light colored fur (cream to red)
Red Pigment Intensity LINKAGE
I (Intensity) Loci
Any pigmented fur likely yellow or tan
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Likely black colored nose/feet
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
No impact on coat color
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark fur anywhere
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have little to no white in coat
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
No impact on coat color
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light to moderate shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Likely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Intermediate
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation
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Through Leo’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A388

Map

A1a

Leo’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A388

Leo’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Staffordshire Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, and English Bulldogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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Through Leo’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.18

Map

A1a

Leo’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.18

Leo’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs in village dogs in Turkey. Among breeds, it is most commonly seen in German Shorthaired Pointer, Wirehaired Pointing Griffon, and English Bulldog.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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