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“Leica”
Leica

Czechoslovakian Vlcak

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“Leica is a Czechoslovakian vlcak from Dubai, now living in the USA. She is my best friend! Her pedigree can be viewed here: http://www.wolfdog-database.com/en/dog/32713”

Place of Birth

Dubai - United Arab Emirates

Current Location

Pell City, Alabama, USA

From

Dubai, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

This dog has been viewed and been given 13 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Czechoslovakian Vlcak

Czechoslovakian Vlcaks are a relatively new breed of dog that hail from Czechoslovakia. Nearly indistinguishable from a wolf to an untrained eye, these large and handsome dogs are the result of a crossbreeding between a German Shepherd and a Carpathian wolf in the 1950’s.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

59 lbs

Genetic Age
47 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Health Summary

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Leica inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

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Leica inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result should not impact Leica’s health but it could have consequences for siblings or other related dogs if they inherited two copies of the variant. We recommend discussing this result with their owners or breeders if you are in contact.

Impact on Breeding

Your dog carries this variant and will pass it on to ~50% of her offspring.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity (ABCB1)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 11, German Shepherd Variant 1)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 1, German Shepherd Variant 2)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III, CLAD III (FERMT3, German Shepherd Variant)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Day Blindness (CNGA3 Exon 7, German Shepherd Variant)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia (EDA Intron 8)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (FLCN Exon 7)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII (GUSB Exon 3, German Shepherd Variant)

Identified in Czechoslovakian Vlcaks

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
No dark mask or grizzle (EE)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
Any light hair likely yellow or tan (Intermediate Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Agouti (Wolf Sable) coat color pattern (awaw)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (BB)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not expressed (II)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely to have little to no white in coat (SS)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely short or mid-length coat (GT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding (CC)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CT)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Larger (NN)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Leica’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C1

Haplotype

C27

Map

C1

Leica’s Haplogroup

Congratulations, C1 is a very exotic female lineage! It is more closely associated with maternal lineages found in wolves, foxes and jackals than with other dog lineages. So it seems dogs in this group have a common male dog ancestor who, many thousands of years ago, mated with a female wolf! This is not a common lineage in any breed, though a good number of German Shepherds and Doberman Pinchers are C1. It is also found in breeds as diverse as Peruvian Inca Orchids and Pekingese; it is rarely found amongst Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Siberian Huskies, or Cocker Spaniels. Despite its fascinating origins, it is widely distributed around the globe, and even shows up frequently among Peruvian village dogs. It almost certainly survived at low frequency in Europe for millennia and then was dispersed outside of Europe by colonialism, though not as successfully as some other lineages.

C27

Leica’s Haplotype

Part of the C1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in German Shepherd Dogs, Labrador Retrievers, Siberian Huskies, and village dogs from Peru and Croatia.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The C1 maternal line is commonly found in Jackals.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Leica inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Leica is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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