Venn diagram

Compare your dogs to Kuma Select one to begin:

Kuma

Collie

Smarter dog care powered by DNA
SHOP NOW
  • Photo of Kuma, a Collie  in Plato, MN, USA Photo of Kuma, a Collie  in Plato, MN, USA
    March 2019

“Kuma is a curious and biddable dog. She enjoys playing with other dogs and humans. She really likes food and playing in the water. Outdoors she wards off would be interlopers (AKA feral cats, vultures, and gopher tortoises). Her ears are very expressive...one of her ears goes into a certain position when she is considering being naughty.”

Place of Birth

Plato, MN, USA

Current Location

Florida, USA

From

Plato, MN, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 8 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Kuma

Kuma

Collie
100.0% Collie

Collie

Collies are attractive herding dogs, boasting a beautiful coat while being highly intelligent. They also make for extremely loyal and sweet family pets.

Learn More

Start a conversation! Message this dog’s owner.

Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

63 lbs

Genetic Age
30 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Explore

Would you like more information? You can contact us at:

Health Summary

warn icon

Kuma has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

warn icon

Kuma inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Kuma has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Kuma has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Kuma is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Kuma’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

good icon

Multiple Drug Sensitivity (ABCB1)

Identified in Collies

Collie Eye Anomaly (NHEJ1)

Identified in Collies

Additional Genetic Conditions

good icon

Explore

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
No dark mask or grizzle (EE)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
Any light hair likely apricot or red (Intense Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Black/Brown and tan coat color pattern (atat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (BB)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not saddle tan patterned (II)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely solid colored, but may have small amounts of white (Ssp)
M Locus (PMEL)
One merle allele, likely to appear merle or "phantom merle" (M*m)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely long coat (TT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding (CC)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Likely to have hind dew claws (CT)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Larger (NN)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Through Kuma’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C2

Haplotype

C40

Map

C2

Kuma’s Haplogroup

C2 is a very old female lineage found more commonly among English Setters, English Bulldogs, and American Eskimo Dogs. We also see C2 in village dogs in South Asia. Rather than having a few characteristic breeds representing this lineage particularly well, it is present in a few uncommon individuals of many different breeds. Unlike some European breed lineages that have seen skyrocketing popularity along the path to the modern dogs we see today, C2 tends to reflect the deep history of man's best friend.

C40

Kuma’s Haplotype

Part of the C2 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

You can often find his haplogroup in the lovable English Bulldog.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Kuma inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Kuma is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore