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Kona

Mixed Breed

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“We always thought he was a Bugg (Boston Terrier/Pug), turns out we were wrong!”

Place of Birth

Sanford, FL, USA

Current Location

Orlando, Florida, USA

From

Sanford, FL, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Pug

The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.

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Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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Yorkshire Terrier

Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.

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Chinese Shar-Pei

Few dog breeds are more recognizable than the wrinkly Chinese Shar-Pei. This Chinese breed is often compared to a hippopotamus due to its thick muzzle. They also have a characteristic rough, bristly coat, which is how the breed got its name (“Shar-Pei” means “sand skin”). Despite their goofy appearance, Shar-Peis are serious, independent dogs who will loyally protect their owners.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

1.2 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

13 lbs

Genetic Age
89 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Kona

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Kona. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Pug
Chihuahua
Yorkshire Terrier
Chinese Shar-Pei

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Kona
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Pug Chihuahua / Chinese Shar-Pei mix Pug / Yorkshire Terrier mix Pug Pug Chihuahua Chinese Shar-Pei mix Pug Yorkshire Terrier mix Pug Pug Pug Pug

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Kona’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Kona is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

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Kona inherited both copies of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Kona has two copies of a variant in SOD1 and is at risk for developing DM. As previously stated, this variant is incompletely penetrant, so while it predisposes Kona to developing DM, other genetic and environmental factors will determine whether Kona ultimately develops the disease. Please consult your veterinarian to discuss further diagnostic, monitoring, and supportive care options for Kona.'

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

ALT Activity

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Kona inherited both copies of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Kona has two copies of a variant in the GPT gene and is likely to have a lower than average baseline ALT activity. ALT is a commonly used measure of liver health on routine veterinary blood chemistry panels. As such, your veterinarian may want to watch for changes in Kona's ALT activity above their current, healthy, ALT activity. As an increase above Kona’s baseline ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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May-Hegglin Anomaly

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Pugs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Chihuahuas and Yorkshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Chihuahuas

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma and Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Chinese Shar-Peis

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Yorkshire Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

Shar-Pei Autoinflammatory Disease, SPAID, Shar-Pei Fever

Identified in Chinese Shar-Peis

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Chihuahuas

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Kona’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A240

Map

A1b

Kona’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A240

Kona’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1b haplogroup, this haplotype has been spotted in village dogs in Portugal, Costa Rica, and Brazil. Among the breeds we have seen it in, it occurs most often in Miniature Schnauzers, Pugs, and Maltese. Not confined to small breeds, we also see this haplotype in Pharaoh Hounds and Ibizan Hounds.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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Through Kona’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.45

Map

A1a

Kona’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.45

Kona’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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