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“Stella”
Keeper Of The Stars Cova Da Iria

Sussex Spaniel

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“Stella came to us from Poland.”

Place of Birth

Poland

Current Location

Knotts Island, North Carolina, USA

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Registration

American Kennel Club (AKC): SS38085701
Microchip: 616093902034751

Genetic Breed Result

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Sussex Spaniel

The Sussex Spaniel is a breed of dog developed in Sussex in southern England. It is a low, compact spaniel and is similar in appearance to the Clumber Spaniel. They can be slow paced, but can have a clownish and energetic temperament.

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Changes to this dog’s profile
  • On 12/9/2022 changed name from "Keeper Of The Stars" to "Keeper Of The Stars Cova Da Iria"

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Health Summary

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Stella is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Stella inherited both copies of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Follow-up by our experts indicates that this genetic variant is associated with an increase to Stella’s risk for developing Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I).

Scientific Basis

Research studies for this variant have been based on dogs of other breeds. While dogs with similar breeds to Stella have not yet been the focus of research studies, our data indicates that Stella is likely to be at increased risk.

Impact on Breeding

While further investigation is warranted to determine the clinical presentation and penetrance in Stella’s breed, we recommend taking this genetic result into account when making breeding decisions.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2

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Stella inherited both copies of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

We do not know whether this increases the risk that Stella will develop Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2.

Scientific Basis

Research studies for this variant have been based on dogs of other breeds. Not enough dogs with Stella's breed have been studied to know whether or not this variant will increase Stella's risk of developing this disease.

Impact on Breeding

Research into the clinical impact of this variant is ongoing. We recommend tracking this genetic result and incidence of Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2 in your breeding program and related dogs.

What is Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2?

A disease of skeletal development, this causes dogs to have abnormally short legs but similar body lengths compared to unaffected dogs.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Pyruvate Dehydrogenase Deficiency (PDP1, Spaniel Variant)

Identified in Sussex Spaniels

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Coat Color

Coat Color

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

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Body Size

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Performance

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Through Stella’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A414/643

Map

A1b

Keeper Of The Stars Cova Da Iria’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A414/643

Keeper Of The Stars Cova Da Iria’s Haplotype

Part of the A1b haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in the English Springer Spaniels.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Stella inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Stella is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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