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Katie

Mixed Breed

“Katie is the smartest dog ever!! Quick as lightning, and extremely energetic.. tireless!”

Place of Birth
Picayune, Mississippi, USA
Current Location
Picayune, Mississippi, USA
From
Picayune, Mississippi, USA

This dog has been viewed 123 times and been given 1 wag

Genetic Breed Result

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Mixed Breed

23.5% American Pit Bull Terrier
17.1% Australian Cattle Dog
17.0% Beagle
15.9% Collie
10.3% Bulldog
9.3% Labrador Retriever
6.9% American Staffordshire Terrier
American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.
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Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog
A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.
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Beagle Beagle
The Beagle is a scent hound and a great family pet. They are known for being affectionate and having loud voices.
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Collie Collie
Collies are attractive herding dogs, boasting a beautiful coat while being highly intelligent. They also make for extremely loyal and sweet family pets.
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Bulldog Bulldog
Originally a bull-baiting dog, bulldogs today are gentle and loving while still carrying the stocky frame of their forbearers.
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Labrador Retriever Labrador Retriever
The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.
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American Staffordshire Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier
American Staffordshire Terriers are powerful but playful dogs that are both loyal and affectionate with their owners.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.9 % MEDIUM Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
27 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Katie’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
Australian Cattle Dog
Beagle
Collie
Bulldog
Labrador Retriever
American Staffordshire Terrier

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed American Pit Bull Terrier / American Staffordshire Terrier mix Bulldog / Labrador Retriever mix Australian Cattle Dog mix Beagle / Collie mix American Pit Bull Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier mix Bulldog Labrador Retriever mix Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog mix Beagle Collie

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Katie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Katie is at increased risk for two genetic health conditions.

And inherited four variants that you should learn more about.

Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Katie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Katie has one copy of a variant at the ABCB1 gene and is at risk for displaying adverse drug reactions. While she may not be as severely affected as a dog with two copies of the ABCB1 drug sensitivity allele, normal dosages of drugs could still have potentially severe effects on Katie. Please inform your veterinarian that Katie carries this variant; it is essential that they know this information before prescribing drugs.

What is Multiple Drug Sensitivity?

Sensitivity to certain classes of drugs, notably the parasiticide ivermectin, as well as certain gastroprotectant and anti-cancer medications, occurs in dogs with a mutation in the ABCB1 gene.


Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Katie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Katie has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12 and is at increased risk for Type I IVDD. Katie would also be expected to have an intermediate chondrodystrophic phenotype (slightly short legs relative to body length). Please consult with your veterinarian to discuss preventative and monitoring measures for Katie.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportions between dogs' legs and body. Dogs with chondrodystrophy have shorter legs and a longer body. An extreme example of this is a Dachshund or Corgi. Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. The pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic symptoms.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Katie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd?

PRA-prcd is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss in many breeds. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of rod cells, leading to night blindness before day blindness.


Collie Eye Anomaly

Katie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Collie Eye Anomaly?

Named for its high prevalence in Collie dogs, Collie Eye Anomaly (CEA) is more correctly termed choroidal hypoplasia. The choroid anchors the retina to the underlying structures and supplies it with oxygen and nourishment. CEA is a developmental disease of the choroid.


Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Katie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones?

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate. In most dogs, uric acid is converted to allantoin, an inert substance that is then excreted in the urine. Dogs with HUU have defects in the pathway that converts uric acid to allantoin. As such, uric acid builds up, crystallizes and forms urate stones in the kidney and bladder. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabolism. While hyperuricemia in other species (including humans) can lead to painful conditions such as gout, dogs do not develop systemic signs of hyperuricemia.


Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Katie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Factor VII Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Canine Elliptocytosis

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1

Identified in Beagles and Labrador Retrievers

Day Blindness

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy

Identified in Bulldogs

Glaucoma

Identified in Beagles

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Macular Corneal Dystrophy, MCD

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Cystinuria Type II-A

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, NCL 5

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

Alexander Disease

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration

Identified in Beagles

Narcolepsy

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Centronuclear Myopathy

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Exercise-Induced Collapse

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Myotonia Congenita

Identified in Australian Cattle Dogs

X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia

Identified in Beagles

Cobalamin Malabsorption

Identified in Beagles

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome

Identified in Beagles

Oculoskeletal Dysplasia 1

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Beagles

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Additional Genetic Conditions


Clinical Tools

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Intermediate
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Intermediate
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Katie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C2

Haplotype

C21

Map

C2

Katie’s Haplogroup

C2 is a very old female lineage found more commonly among English Setters, English Bulldogs, and American Eskimo Dogs. We also see C2 in village dogs in South Asia. Rather than having a few characteristic breeds representing this lineage particularly well, it is present in a few uncommon individuals of many different breeds. Unlike some European breed lineages that have seen skyrocketing popularity along the path to the modern dogs we see today, C2 tends to reflect the deep history of man's best friend.

C21

Katie’s Haplotype

Part of the C2 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Border Collies, Australian Cattle Dogs, and village dogs in Fiji.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

You can often find his haplogroup in the lovable English Bulldog.

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Katie inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Katie is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.