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Kai

Mixed Breed

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Place of Birth

Abernathy, TX, USA

Current Location

Burleson, Texas, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Unresolved analysis

There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Border Collie

Border Collies are highly energetic and work-oriented herding dogs, whose stamina is matched by their intelligence and alertness. While they excel at the herding they were bred for, many Border Collies also enjoy flyball, obedience, and other canine sports. As long as they have a job to do and are physically and mentally stimulated, Border Collies can make excellent companions for the right owners.

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American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

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Bulldog

Originally a bull-baiting dog, bulldogs today are gentle and loving while still carrying the stocky frame of their forbearers.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

39 lbs

Genetic Age
52 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Border Collie
American Pit Bull Terrier
Bulldog
Supermutt

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Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Kai’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Good news!

Kai is not at increased risk for the genetic health conditions that Embark tests.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity (ABCB1)

Identified in Border Collies

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome, TNS (VPS13B)

Identified in Border Collies

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1 (PDE6B, American Staffordshire Terrier Variant)

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Collie Eye Anomaly (NHEJ1)

Identified in Border Collies

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1 (BEST1 Exon 2)

Identified in Bulldogs

Goniodysgenesis and Glaucoma, Pectinate Ligament Dysplasia, PLD (OLFM3)

Identified in Border Collies

Primary Lens Luxation (ADAMTS17)

Identified in Border Collies

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and Bulldogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A (ARSG Exon 2, American Staffordshire Terrier Variant)

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 5, NCL 5 (CLN5 Exon 4 SNP, Border Collie Variant)

Identified in Border Collies

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA (L2HGDH, Staffordshire Bull Terrier Variant)

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Sensory Neuropathy (FAM134B, Border Collie Variant)

Identified in Border Collies

Myotonia Congenita (CLCN1 Exon 23, Australian Cattle Dog Variant)

Identified in Border Collies

Cobalamin Malabsorption (CUBN Exon 53, Border Collie Variant)

Identified in Border Collies

Raine Syndrome (FAM20C)

Identified in Border Collies

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
Can have a melanistic mask (EmEm)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown coat (KBky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
No impact on coat pattern (Intermediate Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Not expressed (ayat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
Cocoa (HPS3)
No co alleles, not expressed (NN)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (Bb)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not expressed (NI)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely solid colored, but may have small amounts of white (Ssp)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
R Locus (USH2A) LINKAGE
Likely no impact on coat pattern (rr)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely short or mid-length coat (GT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding (CT)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Smaller (II)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Intermediate (GA)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Kai’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A275

Map

A1e

Kai’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A275

Kai’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Neapolitan Mastiffs. It’s a rare find!

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Kai inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Kai is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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