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Justice

Mixed Breed

“Justice is a rescue pup who is also deaf but that does not stop this gentle giant living life to the fullest. Justice has escaped death twice before he was rescued by Precious Paws Animal Rescue and with the help of Deaf Dogs Rescue Australia he found his way home. Justice is smart, loving and has brought the light back into a house that had fallen into darkness. Justice is also a goof ball and although his world maybe silent he dances to his own music and makes the most out each day.”

Location
Ipswich, Queensland, Australia

This dog has been viewed 656 times and been given 4 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

25.6% American Pit Bull Terrier
21.6% Bull Terrier
14.9% Great Dane
9.9% Boxer
9.1% Bullmastiff
6.6% Greyhound
6.5% Scottish Deerhound
5.8% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.
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Bull Terrier Bull Terrier
Also known as the English Bull Terrier / Bully / Gladiator, the Bull Terrier was originally developed in the 19th century as a fighting dog and, later, a fashionable companion for gentlemen, but these days he’s a family companion and show dog. He’s a dog breed distinguished by his long, egg-shaped head. Most people know this breed as the mascot for Target, Bullseye.
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Great Dane Great Dane
Great Danes are large lovable dogs that need exercise and space. Many Great Danes are "leaners"-- they lean against their people to be closer to them, seemingly oblivious to their size!
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Boxer Boxer
Developed in Germany, the Boxer is a popular family dog-patient, loyal and smart-requiring lots of exercise and proper training.
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Bullmastiff Bullmastiff
The Bullmastiff is an enormous fellow that loves to sleep and drool. They were developed in England as guard dogs, but were bred not to bite. Today, they make wonderful family dogs due to their gentle nature.
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Greyhound Greyhound
The Greyhound is a breed unmatched in speed. This ancient dog has been used for hunting and racing, but they make wonderful companions. Surprisingly, this breed is often described as a couch potato!
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Scottish Deerhound Scottish Deerhound
The Scottish Deerhound is a massive, athletic, lovable dog. These gentle giants have been helping Scottish Highlanders hunt deer for hundreds of years. Today they can still be used for that purpose, but they more often just make wonderful companions.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

2.8 % HIGH Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight

87 lbs Learn More

Genetic Age
22 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Justice’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
Bull Terrier
Great Dane
Boxer
Bullmastiff
Greyhound
Scottish Deerhound
Supermutt
Changes to this dog’s profile
Learn More
  • On 1/10/2019 changed name from "Justice " to "Justice"

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Bull Terrier / American Pit Bull Terrier mix Great Dane / Boxer mix American Pit Bull Terrier / Bullmastiff mix Bull Terrier / Scottish Deerhound mix Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier Great Dane Boxer mix American Pit Bull Terrier Bullmastiff mix Bull Terrier mix Scottish Deerhound mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Justice’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Summary

0
AT RISK
2
CARRIER
165
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Activity result: Low Normal

Justice has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Justice has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Justice is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Justice’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Justice did not test positive for any of the genetic conditions that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Justice’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future.

Carrier for
2 genetic conditions

Justice is a carrier for 2 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Justice has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Justice ever has children.

Condition List

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy
cmr1 (BEST1 Exon 2)
Eyes

This is a non-progressive retinal disease that, in rare cases, can lead to vision loss. CMR is typically only identified when a vet examines the eye which, in dogs with C…

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy
cmr3 (BEST1 Exon 10 SNP)
Eyes

This is a non-progressive retinal disease that, in rare cases, can lead to vision loss. CMR is typically only identified when a vet examines the eye which, in dogs with C…

Common Conditions

Good news! Justice tested clear for 15 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Factor VII Deficiency
(F7 Exon 5)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Scottish Deerhounds, but not Justice.

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A
(F8 Exon 10, Boxer Variant)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Boxers, but not Justice.

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Boxers, but not Justice.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd1
(PDE6B)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Justice.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd2
(IQCB1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Justice.

Autosomal Dominant Progressive Retinal Atrophy
(RHO)
Eyes

This rapidly progressive form of PRA can be triggered by high intensity light exposure. In fact, the light intensity used in a normal veterinary ophthalmological exam can…

Seen in Bullmastiffs, but not Justice.

Primary Lens Luxation
(ADAMTS17)
Eyes

This surgically correctable condition causes the lens to spontaneously detach from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity and irritation …

Seen in Bull Terriers, but not Justice.

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis
(SLC2A9)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate; if caught early, it is responsive to dietary management. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabol…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Justice.

Polycystic Kidney Disease
(PKD1)
Kidney and Bladder

This adult-onset disease causes progressive loss of kidney function. Cysts are abnormal, fluid filled structures that arise from the kidney cells themselves. As they grow…

Seen in Bull Terriers, but not Justice.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia - NCL-A
(ARSG Exon 2)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, Bull Terriers, but not Justice.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in Boxers, but not Justice.

Polyneuropathy, NDRG1 Greyhound Variant
(NDRG1 Exon 15)
Brain and Spinal Cord

Polyneuropathy is a progressive neurologic disease that causes peripheral nerve dysfunction. Peripheral nerves relay messages between the brain and spinal cord to the res…

Seen in Greyhounds, but not Justice.

Inherited Myopathy of Great Danes
(BIN1)
Muscular

This muscle wasting disease causes young dogs to present with weakness, unsteady gait, generalized muscle wasting, and exercise intolerance. The severity of the disease c…

Seen in Great Danes, but not Justice.

Malignant Hyperthermia
(RYR1)
Metabolic

This condition only manifests if affected dogs are treated with certain inhalant anesthetics, and can cause uncontrollable muscle contractions and a dangerous increase in…

Seen in Greyhounds, but not Justice.

Ichthyosis
(SLC27A4)
Skin & Connective Tissues

This skin disorder gets its name from the thick, darkly pigmented scales of skin (“ichthys” is Greek for “fish”) that affected dogs display on their noses, paw pads, and …

Seen in Great Danes, but not Justice.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 150

Justice is clear of 150 other genetic conditions that Embark tests for.
Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light to moderate shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

Through Justice’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A233

Map

A1e

Justice’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A233

Justice’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, we see this haplotype in village dogs across Central Africa through the Middle East and into South Asia. As for breeds, we see it in the highest frequency among Irish Wolfhounds, with some detections in Greyhounds, Posavac Hounds, and Beagles as well.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

Through Justice’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

Ha.4

Map

A1b

Justice’s Haplogroup

For most of dog history, this haplogroup was probably quite rare. However, a couple hundred years ago it seems to have found its way into a prized male guard dog in Europe who had many offspring, including the ancestors of many European guard breeds such as Doberman Pinchers, St. Bernards, and Great Danes. Despite being rare, many of the most imposing dogs on Earth have it; strangely, so do many Pomeranians! Perhaps this explains why some Poms are so tough, acting like they're ten times their actual size! This lineage is most commonly found in working dogs, in particular guard dogs. With origins in Europe, it spread widely across other regions as Europeans took their dogs across the world.

Ha.4

Justice’s Haplotype

Part of the A1b haplogroup, this haplotype is found in village dogs in North America and Africa. As for breeds, it occurs most frequently in Miniature Pinscher, Great Dane, and Poodle.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Great Danes and Pomeranians have this in common!