Iona

Mixed Breed

“Iona was adopted through a local rescue 5 years ago (via Oklahoma), and we were told she was mostly mastiff with some collie and spaniel. Turns out that wasn't totally wrong! We love her no matter what her DNA says, but it is so interesting to know she is 50% Dogue de Bordeaux. She loves basking in the sun, smelling all the smells when we go on walks, and is generally a very happy, cuddly girl.”

Place of Birth
Oklahoma, USA
Current Location
Norwood Young America, Minnesota, USA
From
Northfield, MN, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

50.0% Dogue de Bordeaux
13.5% Boston Terrier
10.9% Bullmastiff
10.7% Chow Chow
7.2% Siberian Husky
7.7% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Dogue de Bordeaux Dogue de Bordeaux
The Dogue de Bordeaux is a massive slobber-producing machine. While the origin of these giants is unknown, they have served in nearly every working role imaginable. They make a great companion, but proper socialization from a young age is a must.
Learn More
Boston Terrier Boston Terrier
Boston Terriers are lively, intelligent and friendly. Although a small dog, they are strong and sturdy. Owners of this breed find them to be As the breed's name implies, the Boston Terrier originated in the city of Boston in the late 19th century. They're sometimes referred to be their nickname of the "American gentleman" because of their tuxedo-like coat.
Learn More
Bullmastiff Bullmastiff
The Bullmastiff is an enormous fellow that loves to sleep and drool. They were developed in England as guard dogs, but were bred not to bite. Today, they make wonderful family dogs due to their gentle nature.
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Chow Chow Chow Chow
This distinctive-looking dog breed has a proud, independent spirit that some describe as catlike. Often aloof and suspicious of strangers, the Chow Chow may not be a cuddle buddy, but for the right person, they are a fiercely loyal companion.
Learn More
Siberian Husky Siberian Husky
Bred initially in Northern Siberia, the Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog who is quick and light on their feet. Their moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest their Northern heritage. Huskies are very active and energetic and are known for being long distance sled dogs.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

1.8 % HIGH Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
51 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Iona’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Dogue de Bordeaux
Boston Terrier
Bullmastiff
Chow Chow
Siberian Husky
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Breed Reveal Video

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Iona’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Iona inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

And one variant that you should tell your vet about.

Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM1

Iona inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

Our research indicates that this genetic variant is not likely to increase the risk that Iona will develop this disease.

Scientific Basis

Dogs with similar breeds to Iona are not likely to have increased risk of developing the disease. Research has indicated increased risk in other breeds that are not found in Iona.

What is Dilated Cardiomyopathy, DCM1?

DCM is the most common acquired heart disease of adult dogs. The heart has two heavily muscled ventricles that pump blood away from the heart. This disease causes progressive weakening of the ventricles by reducing the muscle mass, which causes the ventricles to dilate. Dilated ventricles do not contract and circulate oxygenated blood well, which eventually leads to heart failure.


ALT Activity

Iona inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Iona has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Iona has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Iona is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Iona’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

X-Linked Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, XL-PRA1

Identified in Siberian Huskies

Autosomal Dominant Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Identified in Bullmastiffs

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy

Identified in Bullmastiffs and Dogue de Bordeauxs

GM1 Gangliosidosis

Identified in Siberian Huskies

Limb Girdle Muscular Dystrophy

Identified in Boston Terriers

Pachyonychia Congenita

Identified in Dogue de Bordeauxs

Additional Genetic Conditions

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark mask or grizzle facial fur patterns
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have some white areas in coat
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light to moderate shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Iona’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

E

Haplotype

E17

Map

E

Iona’s Haplogroup

Haplogroup E is a very rare maternal line, present primarily in Northern breed dogs and dogs with some level of recent gray wolf ancestry.

E17

Iona’s Haplotype

The E haplogroup in general is not common. It has been found most frequently in dogs with East Asian breed ancestry.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

An example of an Akita.

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Iona inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Iona is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.