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Holli

Pug

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  • Photo of Holli, a Pug  in New Mexico, USA Photo of Holli, a Pug  in New Mexico, USA

“My aunts picked Holli up when she was 4 months from some people rehoming her in new mexico. She had worms and parvo and fought very hard to come home to her family💕. She's a wonderful compassionate girl who we love so very much.”

Place of Birth

New Mexico, USA

Current Location

Levelland, Texas, USA

From

New Mexico, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Pug

The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.9 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

13 lbs

Genetic Age
30 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Parents
Grandparents
Great Grandparents
Holli
Holli
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug Pug

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Holli’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Holli has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Holli inherited both copies of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Holli has two copies of a variant in the GPT gene and is likely to have a lower than average baseline ALT activity. ALT is a commonly used measure of liver health on routine veterinary blood chemistry panels. As such, your veterinarian may want to watch for changes in Holli's ALT activity above their current, healthy, ALT activity. As an increase above Holli’s baseline ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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May-Hegglin Anomaly

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Pugs

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Pugs

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Holli’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A254

Map

A1a

Holli’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A254

Holli’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, haplotype has been spotted in village dogs in Peru. As for breed dogs, it is most common in Bichon Frise, Pugs, and Miniature Schnauzers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Holli inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Holli is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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