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Dexter

Mixed Breed

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  • Photo of Dexter, a Pomeranian, Pug, Chihuahua, and Mixed mix in Georgia, USA Photo of Dexter, a Pomeranian, Pug, Chihuahua, and Mixed mix in Georgia, USA
    Chilly evening by the fire pit.

“If you're interested in the greatest pupper in the whole damn universe, you've come to the right place! Dexter always barks at birds, loves chews, is only fearless outside, and is always excited about friends. He has big emotions and goes everywhere teeth first! He sings along to trumpets and flutes and will dig through the earth if you let him. Dexter will befriend any living thing! He will learn any trick for a treat”

Place of Birth

Georgia, USA

Current Location

Lebanon, Connecticut, USA

From

Newtown, CT, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 11 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.

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Pug

The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.

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Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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West Highland White Terrier

Westies are confident and friendly terriers, with an intelligent and curious mind that requires both mental and physical stimulation to become a well-rounded dog.

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Pekingese

Pekingese were dogs bred for centuries to be the prized companions of the imperial family of China. Today they are still cherished family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace.

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American Eskimo Dog

American Eskimo Dogs belong to the spitz family and they actually came from Germany. They got their start in American circuses due to their intelligence. Today, Eskies make wonderful family pets.

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Dogs Like Dexter

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Dexter. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Pomeranian
Pug
Chihuahua
West Highland White Terrier
Pekingese
American Eskimo Dog
Supermutt

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Changes to this dog’s profile
  • On 8/14/2020 changed handle from "dexter660" to "greatestpupper"

Would you like more information? You can contact us at:

Dexter
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Pomeranian / Chihuahua mix Pug / American Eskimo Dog mix Pomeranian / Chihuahua mix Pug / West Highland White Terrier mix Pomeranian Chihuahua mix Pug American Eskimo Dog mix Pomeranian Chihuahua mix Pug West Highland White Terrier mix

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Dexter’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Dexter is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited two variants that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Dexter inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Dexter has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD

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Dexter inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them. This result is also important if you decide to breed this dog - to produce the healthiest puppies we recommend genetic testing any potential mates for this condition.

What is Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD?

Von Willebrand Disease (vWD) is a type of coagulopathy, a disorder of blood clotting. vWD is characterized into three types based on clinical severity, serum levels of vWF, and vWF multimer composition. Dogs with Type I vWD have low vWF levels, normal multimer composition, and variable clinical signs.

ALT Activity

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Dexter inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Dexter has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Dexter has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Dexter is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Dexter’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Thrombopathia

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs

May-Hegglin Anomaly

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Pugs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Methemoglobinemia

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs and Chihuahuas

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Chihuahuas

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Pomeranians

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

Globoid Cell Leukodystrophy, Krabbe disease

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in American Eskimo Dogs and Pugs

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

Identified in Pekingese and Pomeranians

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets

Identified in Pomeranians

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO

Identified in West Highland White Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Dexter’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B92

Map

B1

Dexter’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B92

Dexter’s Haplotype

Part of the B1 haplogroup, the B92 haplotype occurs most commonly in West Highland White Terriers and American Pit Bull Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Through Dexter’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

Ha.44

Map

A1b

Dexter’s Haplogroup

For most of dog history, this haplogroup was probably quite rare. However, a couple hundred years ago it seems to have found its way into a prized male guard dog in Europe who had many offspring, including the ancestors of many European guard breeds such as Doberman Pinchers, St. Bernards, and Great Danes. Despite being rare, many of the most imposing dogs on Earth have it; strangely, so do many Pomeranians! Perhaps this explains why some Poms are so tough, acting like they're ten times their actual size! This lineage is most commonly found in working dogs, in particular guard dogs. With origins in Europe, it spread widely across other regions as Europeans took their dogs across the world.

Ha.44

Dexter’s Haplotype

Part of the A1b haplogroup, this haplotype occurs primarily in Poodles and Belgian Sheepdogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Great Danes and Pomeranians have this in common!

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