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Enoki

Mixed Breed

“He was born into rescue on 10/14/2018 and of the four puppies in the litter, he looks nothing like the others!”

Instagram tag
@wicked_hippo

Place of birth
Wisconsin, USA
Location
St Paul, Minnesota, USA
From
Hudson, WI, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

21.1% American Pit Bull Terrier
17.3% Chinese Shar-Pei
17.2% Chow Chow
14.7% Labrador Retriever
10.2% Australian Cattle Dog
7.9% American Bulldog
11.6% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.
Learn More
Chinese Shar-Pei Chinese Shar-Pei
Also known as the Shar Pei or Chinese Fighting Dog, even though the Chinese Shar-Pei is the 134th breed recognized by the American Kennel Club, the dog breed has been around for hundreds of years. He was developed to guard, hunt, herd, and later, fight, and is known for his characteristic short, bristly coat, loose, wrinkled skin, and devotion to his family. Today, the Shar-Pei mostly enjoys life as a beloved companion.
Learn More
Chow Chow Chow Chow
This distinctive-looking dog breed has a proud, independent spirit that some describe as catlike. Often aloof and suspicious of strangers, the Chow Chow may not be a cuddle buddy, but for the right person, they are a fiercely loyal companion.
Learn More
Labrador Retriever Labrador Retriever
The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.
Learn More
Australian Cattle Dog Australian Cattle Dog
A classic cattle dog, Australian Cattle Dogs were developed from a mixture of breeds in Australia in the 19th century, and still maintain their energetic herding instincts today.
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American Bulldog American Bulldog
American bulldogs are enjoying a healthy increase in popularity, either as a working/protector dog or as a family pet. All over the world, they are used variously as "hog dogs" (catching escaped pigs or hunting razorbacks), as cattle drovers and as working or sport K-9s. American Bulldogs also successfully compete in several dog sports such as dog obedience, Iron Dog competition and weight pulling.
Learn More
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness:

0.9 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight:

65 lbs

Genetic Age:

17 human years

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Enoki’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
Chinese Shar-Pei
Chow Chow
Labrador Retriever
Australian Cattle Dog
American Bulldog
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Explore by tapping the parents and grandparents.
 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed American Pit Bull Terrier mix Chinese Shar-Pei mix Chow Chow / American Bulldog mix Labrador Retriever / Australian Cattle Dog mix American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier mix Chinese Shar-Pei Mixed Chow Chow American Bulldog mix Labrador Retriever Australian Cattle Dog

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Enoki’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Summary

0
AT RISK
2
CARRIER
168
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) Activity result: Normal
Enoki has two normal alleles at ALT.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Enoki did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Enoki’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future.

Carrier for
2 genetic conditions

Enoki is a carrier for 2 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Enoki has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Enoki ever has children.

Condition List

Shar-Pei Autoinflammatory Disease (SPAID, Shar-Pei Fever)
(MTBP)
Other Systems

More commonly known as Familial Shar-Pei Fever, this autoimmune condition causes recurrent high fevers, joint swelling and pain, and overall malaise. SPAID can often be m…

Ichthyosis
(PNPLA1)
Skin & Connective Tissues

This skin disorder gets its name from the thick, darkly pigmented scales of skin (“ichthys” is Greek for “fish”) that affected dogs display on their noses, paw pads, and …

Common Conditions

Good news! Enoki tested clear for 30 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Canine Elliptocytosis
(SPTB Exon 30)
Blood

A benign disease that affects red blood cell shape, elliptocytosis rarely causes symptoms. Upon examination of a blood smear, however, affected dogs have elongated, oval …

Seen in Chow Chows, Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
(PKLR Exon 7 Labrador Variant)
Blood

This is a disease of red blood cells characterized by low energy level, jaundiced skin, and pale and cool extremities. Dogs affected with PKD have red blood cells that ha…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Enoki.

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2
(TTC8)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd1
(PDE6B)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Enoki.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd2
(IQCB1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Enoki.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1
(RPGRIP1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Achromatopsia
(CNGA3 Exon 7 Labrador Retriever Variant)
Eyes

This is a progressive, nonpainful disorder of the retina that affects color vision and light perception. Cone cells not only register color, they allow the dog to adjust …

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy
cmr1 (BEST1 Exon 2)
Eyes

This is a non-progressive retinal disease that, in rare cases, can lead to vision loss. CMR is typically only identified when a vet examines the eye which, in dogs with C…

Seen in American Bulldogs, but not Enoki.

Glaucoma
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS17 Exon 2)
Eyes

A disease that affects humans and dogs alike; this is an adult-onset, medically manageable condition that causes high intraocular pressure (IOP). If left untreated, it ca…

Seen in Chinese Shar-Peis, but not Enoki.

Primary Lens Luxation
(ADAMTS17)
Eyes

This surgically correctable condition causes the lens to spontaneously detach from its normal residence within the pupil, leading to reduced visual acuity and irritation …

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Enoki.

Macular Corneal Dystrophy (MCD)
(CHST6)
Eyes

A disease of middle-aged dogs, MCD was first characterized in the Labrador Retriever. Affected dogs begin to show clouding of the eyes and visual impairment due to abnorm…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Cystinuria Type II-A
(SLC3A1)
Kidney and Bladder

A disease of cystine accumulation, affected dogs are prone to developing cystine kidney and bladder stones, which if caught early can be managed with dietary changes, inc…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Enoki.

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis
(SLC2A9)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate; if caught early, it is responsive to dietary management. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabol…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, American Bulldogs, but not Enoki.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia - NCL-A
(ARSG Exon 2)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Enoki.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1
(CLN5 Border Collie Variant)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Enoki.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis
(CLN8 Australian Shepherd Variant)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Enoki.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 10
(CTSD Exon 5)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in American Bulldogs, but not Enoki.

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, Chinese Shar-Peis, Chow Chows, Labrador Retrievers, Australian Cattle Dogs, American Bulldogs, but not Enoki.

Narcolepsy
(HCRTR2 Intron 6)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic condition characterized by daytime sleepiness and fragmented sleep cycles, affected dogs also exhibit episodes of cataplexy, a sudden complete loss of muscle…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Centronuclear Myopathy
(PTPLA)
Muscular

This muscle disorder is characterized by exercise intolerance, weight loss, and muscle wasting. While abnormal tendon reflexes can be observed as early as 1 month, the sy…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Exercise-Induced Collapse
(DNM1)
Muscular

First characterized in field-trial lines of Labrador Retriever dogs, this muscle disorder can cause episodes of muscle weakness and sometimes collapse; after recovering, …

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Myotonia Congenita
(CLCN1 Exon 23)
Muscular

This condition is characterized by prolonged muscle contraction and stiffness that usually resolves with normal exercise, though physical therapy can be beneficial. The g…

Seen in Australian Cattle Dogs, but not Enoki.

Myotubular Myopathy 1, X-linked Myotubular Myopathy
(MTM1)
Muscular

This is a degenerative muscle disease first characterized in the Labrador Retriever. Affected dogs present as puppies with failure to thrive and weakness; this rapidly pr…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome
(COLQ)
Neuromuscular

This is a non-progressive disease characterized by episodes of exercise intolerance and weakness; some forms have been shown to respond to medical treatment. Though it ha…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Ichthyosis
(NIPAL4)
Skin & Connective Tissues

This skin disorder gets its name from the thick, darkly pigmented scales of skin (“ichthys” is Greek for “fish”) that affected dogs display on their noses, paw pads, and …

Seen in American Bulldogs, but not Enoki.

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis
(SUV39H2)
Skin & Connective Tissues

This condition causes the skin of the nose to be overly thick and shingle-like, which can be uncomfortable for your dog. HNPK isn't usually as upsetting to the dog as it …

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Oculoskeletal Dysplasia 1, Dwarfism-Retinal Dysplasia
(COL9A3, Labrador Retriever)
Skeletal

A developmental disease described in the Labrador Retriever and the Samoyed, affected dogs can show signs very early in life and can include dramatic short-limbed dwarfis…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Skeletal Dysplasia 2
(COL11A2)
Skeletal

A disease of skeletal development, this causes dogs to have abnormally short legs but similar body lengths compared to unaffected dogs, and can be observed by the time do…

Seen in Labrador Retrievers, but not Enoki.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 138

Enoki is clear of 138 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark mask or grizzle facial fur patterns
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Larger
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Intermediate
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

Through Enoki’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B47

Map

B1

Enoki’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B47

Enoki’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we have spotted this haplotype in village dogs in South America, Africa, the Middle East, and South Asia. Among the 8 breeds we have sampled it in, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Newfoundlands, Australian Cattle Dogs, and Pembroke Welsh Corgis.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Enoki’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.11

Map

A1a

Enoki’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.11

Enoki’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Great Pyrenees and Newfoundlands.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.