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Emma

Mixed Breed

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“She has a nike sign on her back!”

Current Location

Lafayette, California, USA

From

West Lafayette, IN, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 23 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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American Bully

The American Bully may look intimidating with its muscular build, but these dogs are bred to be the ideal family or companion dog. This breed is notable for coming in several different size and type varieties, so there's a lot of diversity in their appearance. They're a newer breed, originating in the 80s and 90s in the United States.

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American Staffordshire Terrier

American Staffordshire Terriers are powerful but playful dogs that are both loyal and affectionate with their owners.

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Bulldog

Originally a bull-baiting dog, bulldogs today are gentle and loving while still carrying the stocky frame of their forbearers.

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Dogs Like Emma

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Emma. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
American Bully
American Staffordshire Terrier
Bulldog

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Would you like more information? You can contact us at:

Emma
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS American Bully mix American Bully mix American Bully Bulldog / American Staffordshire Terrier mix American Bully American Staffordshire Terrier / American Bully mix American Bully American Bully Bulldog American Staffordshire Terrier mix American Bully American Bully American Staffordshire Terrier American Bully

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Emma’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Emma inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

And one variant that you should tell your vet about.

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

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Emma inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones?

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate. In most dogs, uric acid is converted to allantoin, an inert substance that is then excreted in the urine. Dogs with HUU have defects in the pathway that converts uric acid to allantoin. As such, uric acid builds up, crystallizes and forms urate stones in the kidney and bladder. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabolism. While hyperuricemia in other species (including humans) can lead to painful conditions such as gout, dogs do not develop systemic signs of hyperuricemia.

ALT Activity

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Emma inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Emma has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Emma has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Emma is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Emma’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Bullies and American Staffordshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2

Identified in American Bullies and American Staffordshire Terriers

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1

Identified in American Bullies and Bulldogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Bullies and American Staffordshire Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 10, NCL 10

Identified in American Bullies

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Bullies and American Staffordshire Terriers

Ichthyosis

Identified in American Bullies

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Emma’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B92

Map

B1

Emma’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B92

Emma’s Haplotype

Part of the B1 haplogroup, the B92 haplotype occurs most commonly in West Highland White Terriers and American Pit Bull Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Emma inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Emma is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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