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Emi

Mixed Breed

“Got EMI when she was about a year old Feb 2020 from a rescue. She was spotted in the middle of the desert and was believed to be abondoned. She had just had puppies but only 2 of them survived. Even with her hard past she is sweet and gentle! She currently weighs 38 pounds, and is a low rider. Many people say she looks like a mini pit.”

Place of Birth
Barstow, California, USA
Current Location
Los Alamitos, California, USA
From
Ontario, CA, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

46.2% American Pit Bull Terrier
18.2% American Staffordshire Terrier
12.2% Bulldog
3.5% Cocker Spaniel
19.9% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.
Learn More
American Staffordshire Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier
American Staffordshire Terriers are powerful but playful dogs that are both loyal and affectionate with their owners.
Learn More
Bulldog Bulldog
Originally a bull-baiting dog, bulldogs today are gentle and loving while still carrying the stocky frame of their forbearers.
Learn More
Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel
Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.
Learn More
Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

0.6 % LOW Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
21 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Emi’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
American Staffordshire Terrier
Bulldog
Cocker Spaniel
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS American Pit Bull Terrier mix Mixed American Pit Bull Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier / American Pit Bull Terrier mix American Pit Bull Terrier / Bulldog mix Mixed American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier American Staffordshire Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier mix American Pit Bull Terrier Bulldog Mixed Mixed

Breed Reveal Video

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Emi’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Emi has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

Emi inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Emi has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Emi has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Emi is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Emi’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy

Identified in Bulldogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers, American Staffordshire Terriers, and more

Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Nephropathy, Familial Nephropathy, ARHN

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers and American Staffordshire Terriers

Acral Mutilation Syndrome

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Exercise-Induced Collapse

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Additional Genetic Conditions

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light to moderate shedding
Coat Texture
Coat would likely be curly or wavy if long
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Emi’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A5

Haplotype

A206

Map

A5

Emi’s Haplogroup

A5 is a rare maternal lineage. It is most numerous among the village dogs of Vietnam, though it is also present in the Chow Chow breed. Additionally, it is found in the Carolina Dog, and attests to this population’s origins among the indigenous native dog.

A206

Emi’s Haplotype

Part of the A5 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Chow Chows and Xoloitzcuintlis.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The Chow Chow is a carrier of the rare A5 haplogroup.

The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Emi inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Emi is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.