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Dune

Mixed Breed

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“Adopted at 6 weeks old his mom was picked up as a stray, the owner came forward but could not provided proof of ownership. She was a pregnant pure bred old English bulldog who was bread on purpose and we think dad is a mastiff possible English mastiff. We think he is 100% gremlin!”

Place of Birth

Buffalo, NY, USA

Current Location

Buffalo, New York, USA

From

Buffalo, NY, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 3 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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American Bulldog

American bulldogs are enjoying a healthy increase in popularity, either as a working/protector dog or as a family pet. All over the world, they are used variously as "hog dogs" (catching escaped pigs or hunting razorbacks), as cattle drovers and as working or sport K-9s. American Bulldogs also successfully compete in several dog sports such as dog obedience, Iron Dog competition and weight pulling.

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Bulldog

Originally a bull-baiting dog, bulldogs today are gentle and loving while still carrying the stocky frame of their forbearers.

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Caucasian Ovcharka

The Caucasian Ovcharka is a massive livestock guardian breed treasured for its loyalty, diligence, and serious nature.

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Boerboel

Bred as a farming dog in South Africa, this breed had to be tough to survive harsh conditions and predators. But these thick-necked protectors are generally calm, so long as they can get some exercise. They are known for being great with kids and families, but you should have a dominant personality or they may be taking you for a walk instead of the other way around.

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Mastiff

Mastiffs are large but lovable dogs, known for their friendly and protective family characteristics.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.9 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

84 lbs

Genetic Age
18 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Dune

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Dune. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
American Bulldog
Bulldog
Caucasian Ovcharka
Boerboel
Mastiff

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Dune
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Bulldog / American Bulldog mix Caucasian Ovcharka / Boerboel mix Mastiff / American Bulldog mix Bulldog American Bulldog Caucasian Ovcharka Boerboel Mastiff mix American Bulldog mix Bulldog Bulldog American Bulldog American Bulldog

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Dune’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Dune has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Dune inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Dune has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Dune has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Dune is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Dune’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Autosomal Dominant Progressive Retinal Atrophy

Identified in Mastiffs

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1

Identified in Boerboels, American Bulldogs, and more

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Boerboels, American Bulldogs, and more

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 10, NCL 10

Identified in American Bulldogs

Nemaline Myopathy

Identified in American Bulldogs

Ichthyosis

Identified in American Bulldogs

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Dark brown pigment
Cocoa
No impact on fur and skin color
Red Pigment Intensity LINKAGE
I (Intensity) Loci
Any light fur likely yellow or tan
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have patterned fur
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
Fawn Sable coat color pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have little to no white in coat
Roan LINKAGE
R (Roan) Locus
Likely no impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Intermediate
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Larger
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation
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Through Dune’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A388

Map

A1a

Dune’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A388

Dune’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Staffordshire Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, and English Bulldogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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Through Dune’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B

Haplotype

H15.16

Map

B

Dune’s Haplogroup

B is a relatively rare paternal line that has only recently started to expand. The dominant lineage among the ancient Shih Tzu breed, it is also found among Tibetan Spaniels. Outside of these two breeds, B seems to be a particularly common paternal line among the village dogs of India and Southeast Asia, though it is found as far afield as Africa and down into Oceania. Considering that it is particularly diverse in northern India, it could be that this lineage hung out mostly in South Asia after the expansion of domestic dogs from Central Asia. Because it is present in Mongolia as well, it may not be surprising that ancient East Asian dog breeds are also part of this lineage. Alternatively, perhaps males representing this lineage headed north out of southern Eurasia, which eventually gave rise to the Shih Tzu and may have inspired stylistic representations of lions in ancient China!

H15.16

Dune’s Haplotype

Part of the B haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in the Armenian Gampr.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B Haplogroup is most commonly found the adorable Shih Tzu breed.

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