Venn diagram

Compare your dogs to Duffy Select one to begin:

“Duffy”
Duffy van het Nieuwlandsehof

Mixed Ancestry

Smarter dog care powered by DNA
SHOP NOW

“Ùnique and very special dog”

Place of Birth

Biervliet, Nederland

Current Location

Biervliet, Zeeland, Nederland

From

Biervliet, Nederland

This dog has been viewed and been given 0 wags

Registration

BCF: BCF2018/875

Genetic Breed Result

Duffy van het Nieuwlandsehof

“Duffy”
Duffy van het Nieuwlandsehof

Mixed Ancestry
61.6% Biewer Terrier
28.4% Yorkshire Terrier

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Biewer Terrier

The Biewer Terrier is one of the smallest Terriers within the Toy Group, only 7-8 inches tall and typically less than 8 pounds. In spite of the small size, the Biewer is known as a robust and athletic dog.

Learn More

Yorkshire Terrier

Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.

Learn More

Start a conversation! Message this dog’s owner.

Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

7 lbs

Genetic Age
47 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Biewer Terrier
Yorkshire Terrier
Unresolved

Explore

Would you like more information? You can contact us at:

Health Summary

warn icon

Duffy inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

And one variant that you should tell your vet about.

Methemoglobinemia

warn icon

Duffy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result should not impact Duffy’s health but it could have consequences for siblings or other related dogs if they inherited two copies of the variant. We recommend discussing this result with their owners or breeders if you are in contact.

Impact on Breeding

This result should be taken into account as part of your breeding program. Duffy will pass this variant to ~50% of his offspring.

What is Methemoglobinemia?

Oxygen is carried in the blood by hemoglobin. Methemoglobin forms when hemoglobin iron is oxidized, and it cannot carry oxygen in the blood. Methemoglobinemia is a disease where too much methemoglobin is present and the body no longer has the oxygen supply it needs to function. This disease was first described in a mixed breed dog.

ALT Activity

warn icon

Duffy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Duffy has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Duffy has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Duffy is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Duffy’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

good icon

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd (PRCD Exon 1)

Identified in Biewer Terriers and Yorkshire Terriers

Primary Lens Luxation (ADAMTS17)

Identified in Biewer Terriers and Yorkshire Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

good icon

Explore

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
Can have a melanistic mask (Eme)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
Any light hair likely yellow or tan (Intermediate Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Fawn Sable coat color pattern (ayat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
Cocoa (HPS3)
No co alleles, not expressed (NN)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (Bb)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not expressed (NN)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely solid colored, but may have small amounts of white (Ssp)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
R Locus (USH2A) LINKAGE
Likely no impact on coat pattern (rr)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (FF)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely long coat (TT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely light shedding (TT)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely wavy coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Smaller (II)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Intermediate (GA)
Body Size (STC2)
Intermediate (TA)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Smaller (AA)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Through Duffy’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C1

Haplotype

C37

Map

C1

Duffy van het Nieuwlandsehof’s Haplogroup

Congratulations, C1 is a very exotic female lineage! It is more closely associated with maternal lineages found in wolves, foxes and jackals than with other dog lineages. So it seems dogs in this group have a common male dog ancestor who, many thousands of years ago, mated with a female wolf! This is not a common lineage in any breed, though a good number of German Shepherds and Doberman Pinchers are C1. It is also found in breeds as diverse as Peruvian Inca Orchids and Pekingese; it is rarely found amongst Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Siberian Huskies, or Cocker Spaniels. Despite its fascinating origins, it is widely distributed around the globe, and even shows up frequently among Peruvian village dogs. It almost certainly survived at low frequency in Europe for millennia and then was dispersed outside of Europe by colonialism, though not as successfully as some other lineages.

C37

Duffy van het Nieuwlandsehof’s Haplotype

Part of the C1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in German Shepherd Dogs, Siberian Huskies, and English Cocker Spaniels.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The C1 maternal line is commonly found in Jackals.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore

Through Duffy’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.35

Map

A1a

Duffy van het Nieuwlandsehof’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.35

Duffy van het Nieuwlandsehof’s Haplotype

Part of the A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in mixed breed dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

Embark Logo Learn more about Embark

Explore