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“Gretel”
CH Donnybrook Dixie Guns and Grit

Staffordshire Bull Terrier

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  • Photo of Gretel, a Staffordshire Bull Terrier  in USA Photo of Gretel, a Staffordshire Bull Terrier  in USA
    Gretel at seven months

“Gretel represents seven generations of Donnybrook breeding (certainly not exclusively)! She was born nearly black, which was quite a surprise to me as I had never had such a pup before. Since then I have learned a bit more about color genetics. Most of the black hairs on her body disappeared as she matured, though some black can still be seen on her dorsal line and tail. She also has a black mask. In some cases, the black shading over the red remains into adulthood and this is called "smut."”

Place of Birth

USA

Current Location

Georgia, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 1 wag

Registration

American Kennel Club (AKC): RN33464502

Genetic Breed Result

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Staffordshire Bull Terrier

The Staffordshire Bull Terrier is a hardy pup from England. This breed is very similar, and often confused with the American Pit Bull Terrier. These dogs get a bad wrap, but they so lovable and they absolutely adore their owners. It is a shame how history has treated them so cruely.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

35 lbs

Genetic Age
31 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Health Summary

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Gretel has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Gretel inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Gretel has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Gretel has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Gretel is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Gretel’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA (L2HGDH, Staffordshire Bull Terrier Variant)

Identified in Staffordshire Bull Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Gretel’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A388

Map

A1a

Donnybrook Dixie Guns and Grit’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A388

Donnybrook Dixie Guns and Grit’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Staffordshire Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, and English Bulldogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Gretel inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Gretel is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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