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Countryhills Winston

Leonberger

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“Winston loves hiking and agility!”

Place of Birth

Red Deer, AB, Canada

Current Location

Chisholm, Minnesota, USA

From

Red Deer, AB, Canada

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Registration

American Kennel Club (AKC): Pál 271851

Genetic Breed Result

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Leonberger

The Leonberger is a giant dog breed. The breed's name is derived from the city of Leonberg, Germany. According to legend, the Leonberger was ostensibly bred as a 'symbolic dog' that would mimic the lion in the town crest.

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Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Countryhills Winston’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Countryhills Winston has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Countryhills Winston inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Countryhills Winston has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Countryhills Winston has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Countryhills Winston is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Countryhills Winston’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Leonberger Polyneuropathy 1 (LPN1, ARHGEF10)

Identified in Leonbergers

Leonberger Polyneuropathy 2 (GJA9)

Identified in Leonbergers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Body Size

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Performance

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Through Countryhills Winston’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A228

Map

A1e

Countryhills Winston’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A228

Countryhills Winston’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1e haplogroup, we have spotted this haplotype in village dogs in the Democratic Republic of the Congo and in the Dominican Republic. Among breeds, we see it frequently in big dogs like Saint Bernards, Leonbergers, and Great Danes. However, we also see it in small breeds including wire Fox Terriers and Rat Terriers. That’s a pretty wide size range!

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

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Through Countryhills Winston’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.6

Map

A1a

Countryhills Winston’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.6

Countryhills Winston’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs in Labrador Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Leonbergers, and village dogs in Fiji.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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