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Cooper

Shih Tzu

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“We adopted Cooper from the local Humane Society. He has brought us a great deal of joy. He does not have full use of his legs, as he tore the Achilles’ tendon in his rear left leg at some point in his early years. That does not stop him from being a very happy, curious fellow. We are not sure how old he is, however the veterinarian advised us he is no more than 8 years old.”

Current Location

Hilton Beach, Ontario, Canada

From

Sault Ste. Marie, ON, Canada

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Genetic Breed Result

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Shih Tzu

This ancient breed is the perfect lapdog. Sweet and easygoing, they want nothing more than to be close to their humans.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.9 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

14 lbs

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Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Cooper’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Cooper’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C1

Haplotype

Ambiguous_C1

Map

C1

Cooper’s Haplogroup

Congratulations, C1 is a very exotic female lineage! It is more closely associated with maternal lineages found in wolves, foxes and jackals than with other dog lineages. So it seems dogs in this group have a common male dog ancestor who, many thousands of years ago, mated with a female wolf! This is not a common lineage in any breed, though a good number of German Shepherds and Doberman Pinchers are C1. It is also found in breeds as diverse as Peruvian Inca Orchids and Pekingese; it is rarely found amongst Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Siberian Huskies, or Cocker Spaniels. Despite its fascinating origins, it is widely distributed around the globe, and even shows up frequently among Peruvian village dogs. It almost certainly survived at low frequency in Europe for millennia and then was dispersed outside of Europe by colonialism, though not as successfully as some other lineages.

Ambiguous_C1

Cooper’s Haplotype

Maternal haplotypes are defined such that every unique marker we test for is necessary to make a confident call. In the case of your dog, there were too many missing mtDNA markers to reliably define a haplotype this way. However, we know your dog falls in the C1 haplogroup, which we can define more broadly.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The C1 maternal line is commonly found in Jackals.

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Through Cooper’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B

Haplotype

H15.7

Map

B

Cooper’s Haplogroup

B is a relatively rare paternal line that has only recently started to expand. The dominant lineage among the ancient Shih Tzu breed, it is also found among Tibetan Spaniels. Outside of these two breeds, B seems to be a particularly common paternal line among the village dogs of India and Southeast Asia, though it is found as far afield as Africa and down into Oceania. Considering that it is particularly diverse in northern India, it could be that this lineage hung out mostly in South Asia after the expansion of domestic dogs from Central Asia. Because it is present in Mongolia as well, it may not be surprising that ancient East Asian dog breeds are also part of this lineage. Alternatively, perhaps males representing this lineage headed north out of southern Eurasia, which eventually gave rise to the Shih Tzu and may have inspired stylistic representations of lions in ancient China!

H15.7

Cooper’s Haplotype

Part of the B haplogroup, this haplotype has been found in village dogs in Qatar and India. Unlike most other haplotypes within the B haplogroup, we do see this in a select few breed dogs. Specifically, it occurs in the Shih Tzu and Tibetan Spaniel.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B Haplogroup is most commonly found the adorable Shih Tzu breed.

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