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Coco

Havanese

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Place of Birth

Bedford, KY, USA

Current Location

Las Vegas, Nevada, USA

From

Bedford, KY, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Havanese

Havanese dogs are entertaining, affectionate and loyal companions, making this well-rounded canine the ideal family pet.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

12 lbs

Genetic Age
23 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Coco’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Coco has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Coco inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Coco has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Coco has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Coco is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Coco’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I) (FGF4 retrogene - CFA12)

Identified in Havaneses

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Through Coco’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C1

Haplotype

C36

Map

C1

Coco’s Haplogroup

Congratulations, C1 is a very exotic female lineage! It is more closely associated with maternal lineages found in wolves, foxes and jackals than with other dog lineages. So it seems dogs in this group have a common male dog ancestor who, many thousands of years ago, mated with a female wolf! This is not a common lineage in any breed, though a good number of German Shepherds and Doberman Pinchers are C1. It is also found in breeds as diverse as Peruvian Inca Orchids and Pekingese; it is rarely found amongst Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Siberian Huskies, or Cocker Spaniels. Despite its fascinating origins, it is widely distributed around the globe, and even shows up frequently among Peruvian village dogs. It almost certainly survived at low frequency in Europe for millennia and then was dispersed outside of Europe by colonialism, though not as successfully as some other lineages.

C36

Coco’s Haplotype

Part of the C1 haplogroup, the C36 haplotype occurs most commonly in Karelian Bear Dogs, West Highland White Terriers and Portuguese Water Dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The C1 maternal line is commonly found in Jackals.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Coco inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Coco is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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