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Chuck

Central Asian Village Dog

No bio has been provided yet

Instagram tag
@hbrunlofwindell

Place of Birth

Jakutsk, Sacha (Jakutien), Ryssland

Current Location

Göteborg, Västra Götalands län, Sverige

From

Södertälje, Stockholms län, Sverige

This dog has been viewed and been given 45 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Village dog trace breed analysis

Village dogs often have short stretches of DNA that match purebred dogs, due to a distant common ancestor or a more recent mating between a purebred and a village dog. Chuck has short stretches of DNA in common with these breeds:

What exactly are village dogs?

Village dogs are the free-breeding, free-roaming “outside” dogs found around the world living in and around human settlements big and small. They are also known as island dogs, pariah dogs, or free-ranging dogs.

Many village dog populations precede the formation of modern breed dogs.

They make up about 3/4s of the billion or so dogs living on Earth today. They serve as trash cleaners, sentinels, and even sometimes companions while still retaining much of their freedom. Embark’s founders have studied village dogs on six continents since 2007 in their efforts to understand the history, traits, and health of the domestic dog. Through this work they have discovered the origins of the dog in Central Asia, and also identified genetic regions involved in domestication and local adaptation, such as the high altitude adaptation in Himalayan dogs. Embark is the only dog DNA test that includes diverse village dogs from around the world in its breed reference panel.

So what breeds are in my dog?

In a very real sense, Central Asian Village Dog is the actual breed of your dog. Village dogs like this descend from separate lines of dogs than the lines that have been bred into standardized breeds like Labradors and Poodles. If you trace the family tree of Chuck back, you won’t find any ancestral dogs that are part of any of those standardized breeds.

Central Asian Village Dog

Central Asian Village Dogs are very special dogs. While they might not look like much—they are sort of a drab color, and they look a little bit like coyotes—they are a gem in the dog world. They are suspected to be the closest living relative to the earliest ancestors of domestic dogs. Essentially, this means Central Asian Village Dogs are genetically the closest thing to the canines that ancient humans let into their camp thousands and thousands of years ago. More specifically, Central Asian Village Dogs can trace their ancestry over 15,000 years. Now, that’s quite the family tree.

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Village dogs have lived just about everywhere across the world for thousands of years. Long before there were any recognized dog breeds, there were village dogs around the fires and trash heaps of early human villages. Chuck is part of this ancient heritage, not descended from a specific breed, but continuing the ancient lineage of dogs that were our first, best friends.

Embark's co-founders studied Village Dogs on six continents in their efforts to understand the history, traits, and health of the domestic dog. Through this work, they discovered evidence for the origins of the dog in Central Asia , and they also identified genetic regions involved in domestication and local adaptation. As a result, Embark has the largest Village Dog reference panel of any canine genetics company.

We compared Chuck's DNA to a global panel of thousands of village dogs. This plot highlights regions of the world where Chuck's DNA is most similar to those village dogs. The areas of darkest red reflect the greatest similarity to our village dog panel.

Village Dog Map
Similarity to village dog groups around the world. Darker red reflects greater similarity.

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Through Chuck’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A240

Map

A1b

Chuck’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A240

Chuck’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1b haplogroup, this haplotype has been spotted in village dogs in Portugal, Costa Rica, and Brazil. Among the breeds we have seen it in, it occurs most often in Miniature Schnauzers, Pugs, and Maltese. Not confined to small breeds, we also see this haplotype in Pharaoh Hounds and Ibizan Hounds.

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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Through Chuck’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C

Haplotype

H5a.3

Map

C

Chuck’s Haplogroup

C is a relatively rare paternal lineage. The dog populations which bear C are a disparate bunch. The Akita and Shiba Inu are Japanese breeds, the former of which seems to have roots in the Jomon population of hunter-gatherers which were present in the islands of Japan before the ancestors of the modern Japanese arrived. The New Guinea Singing Dog, Samoyed, and Alaska Malamute are all disparate breeds that also represent the C lineage. One village dog from Peru also bore this lineage. This wide distribution and diversity suggest C is not a recently expanded lineage. It likely represents a canid lineage which diversified sometime around the Last Glacial Maximum, when the dogs of Siberia and Oceania split off and went their separate ways.

H5a.3

Chuck’s Haplotype

Part of the C haplogroup, the H5a.3 haplotype occurs most commonly in Samoyeds, Eurasiers and Finnish Lapphunds.

The Shiba Inu descends from this relativey rare haplogroup.

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