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Bug

Mixed Breed

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“Bug was the result of an owner who didn’t spay her dog. After not being able to get rid of 2 of the 3 puppies, he and his sister were surrendered to Lucky Tales Rescue in Fort Thomas, Ky. We adopted him from that organization.”

Place of Birth

Dayton, Kentucky, USA

Current Location

La Grange, Kentucky, USA

From

Dayton, Kentucky, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Beagle

The Beagle is a scent hound and a great family pet. They are known for being affectionate and having loud voices.

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Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.

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Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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Yorkshire Terrier

Petite but proud, the Yorkshire terrier is a popular toy breed with a silky, low-shedding coat.

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Russell-type Terrier

These small, energetic terriers, developed in 19th century England for hunting small game, are now some of the best agility dogs around.

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Boxer

Developed in Germany, the Boxer is a popular family dog: patient, loyal and smart-requiring lots of exercise and proper training. For active families or owners looking for a rambunctious jogging buddy, Boxers may be the perfect breed. Boxers delight their humans with their sense of humor and affectionate nature.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.6 % LOW

Predicted Adult Weight

22 lbs

Genetic Age
16 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Bug

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Bug. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Beagle
Pomeranian
Chihuahua
Yorkshire Terrier
Russell-type Terrier
Boxer
Supermutt

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Bug
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Beagle mix Pomeranian / Boxer mix Chihuahua mix Yorkshire Terrier / Russell-type Terrier mix Beagle Beagle mix Pomeranian Boxer Chihuahua Mixed Yorkshire Terrier Russell-type Terrier

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Bug’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Bug is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Bug inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Bug has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Factor VII Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

Hemophilia A

Identified in Boxers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

Methemoglobinemia

Identified in Pomeranians

Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, SCID

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Chihuahuas and Yorkshire Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Beagles and Chihuahuas

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Identified in Beagles

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Russell-type Terriers and Yorkshire Terriers

Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

Identified in Beagles

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Pomeranians and Russell-type Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

Enamel Hypoplasia

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration

Identified in Beagles

Late Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas and Russell-type Terriers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Boxers

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia

Identified in Beagles

Cobalamin Malabsorption

Identified in Beagles

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome, MLS

Identified in Beagles

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

Identified in Pomeranians

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets

Identified in Pomeranians

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Beagles

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Bug’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

C1

Haplotype

C36

Map

C1

Bug’s Haplogroup

Congratulations, C1 is a very exotic female lineage! It is more closely associated with maternal lineages found in wolves, foxes and jackals than with other dog lineages. So it seems dogs in this group have a common male dog ancestor who, many thousands of years ago, mated with a female wolf! This is not a common lineage in any breed, though a good number of German Shepherds and Doberman Pinchers are C1. It is also found in breeds as diverse as Peruvian Inca Orchids and Pekingese; it is rarely found amongst Labrador Retrievers, Border Collies, Siberian Huskies, or Cocker Spaniels. Despite its fascinating origins, it is widely distributed around the globe, and even shows up frequently among Peruvian village dogs. It almost certainly survived at low frequency in Europe for millennia and then was dispersed outside of Europe by colonialism, though not as successfully as some other lineages.

C36

Bug’s Haplotype

Part of the C1 haplogroup, the C36 haplotype occurs most commonly in Karelian Bear Dogs, West Highland White Terriers and Portuguese Water Dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The C1 maternal line is commonly found in Jackals.

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Through Bug’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A2b

Haplotype

Hc.10

Map

A2b

Bug’s Haplogroup

A2b appears to have split a few times in succession, which means that some of the Central Asian male ancestors of this lineage went their separate ways before their respective Y chromosomes made their rounds. There is not much diversity in this lineage, meaning that it has only begun to take off recently. Two iconic breeds, the Dachshund and Bloodhound, represent this lineage well. Over half of Rottweilers are A2b, as are the majority of Labrador Retrievers and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. While A2a is restricted mostly to East Asia, this paternal line is also found among European breeds.

Hc.10

Bug’s Haplotype

Part of the A2b haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Labrador Retrievers, Rottweilers, Curly-Coated Retrievers, Dandie Dinmont Terriers, and village dogs throughout the world.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A2b is found in the Daschund breed.

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