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Buffy

Mixed Breed

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“I first saw Buffy's profile on Petfinder. Then I adopted her from an animal shelter in Gray, Louisiana. She was about 1 year old at the time and they told me she was found in the streets. They named her Twiggy probably because she looked like a skinny, little twig. They thought she was an Italian Greyhound which was the main reason I adopted her.”

Place of Birth

Gray, Louisiana, USA

Current Location

Miami, Florida, USA

From

Gray, Louisiana, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 10 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Rat Terrier

The Rat Terrier is an American dog breed with a background as a farm dog and hunting companion.

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Russell-type Terrier

These small, energetic terriers, developed in 19th century England for hunting small game, are now some of the best agility dogs around.

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Dachshund

The Dachshund, meaning “badger dog” in German, is a lively breed with a friendly personality and a great sense of smell. Known for their long and low bodies, they are spirited hunters that excel in both above and below-ground work. They come in three different coat varieties (smooth, wirehaired or longhaired) and can be miniature or standard size.

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Toy Fox Terrier

Toy Fox Terriers, like many active and intelligent breeds, can learn to respond to a number of words. Toy Fox Terriers were used commonly in circus shows by clowns, and they are said to make great companions for owners with a good sense of humor

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Dogs Like Buffy

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Buffy. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Rat Terrier
Russell-type Terrier
Dachshund
Toy Fox Terrier

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Buffy
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Rat Terrier mix Russell-type Terrier / Dachshund mix Rat Terrier mix Russell-type Terrier / Dachshund mix Rat Terrier Rat Terrier mix Russell-type Terrier Dachshund Rat Terrier Rat Terrier mix Russell-type Terrier Dachshund mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Buffy’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Buffy inherited two variants that you should learn more about.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

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Buffy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1?

PRA-CRD4/cord1 is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss over a 1-2 year period. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of cone cells, causing day blindness before night blindness.

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

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Buffy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures?

Known as the "oldest" (even reptiles and more ancient species have them!) part of the brain, the cerebellum fine-tunes motor signals from the brain to the muscles, allowing for balance and coordination. When the cerebellum does not function properly, dogs become uncoordinated and do not have the ability to perform fine motor skills.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, SCID

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Rat Terriers, Russell-type Terriers, and more

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type IIIA, Sanfilippo Syndrome Type A, MPS IIIA

Identified in Dachshunds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, NCL 1

Identified in Dachshunds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 2, NCL 2

Identified in Dachshunds

Late Onset Spinocerebellar Ataxia

Identified in Russell-type Terriers

Narcolepsy

Identified in Dachshunds

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Dachshunds

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

Identified in Dachshunds and Russell-type Terriers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Buffy’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A18/19/20/21/27/36/94/109/361

Map

A1b

Buffy’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A18/19/20/21/27/36/94/109/361

Buffy’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1b haplogroup, we see this haplotype in village dogs in over 25 countries across the world. We have detected this haplotype in lots of breeds, and it occurs most commonly in German Shepherd Dogs, Maltese, English Springer Spaniels, and English Setters.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Buffy inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Buffy is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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