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Buddy

Mixed Breed

“He is mixed breed. He was rescued from a high kill shelter in Georgia. He is very loving and a certified therapy dog (and good canine citizen) who visits patients in Assisted Living Centers. He is very gentle with our smaller dog and cat, but cautious around dogs he doesn't know. Aside from our cat he never met a cat he doesn't like. He also loves the Geese behind our house. Funny thing he does is bark at the t.v. (dogs and zombies usually).”

Place of Birth
Georgia, USA
Current Location
New Jersey, USA
From
Toccoa City Animal Control, Scenic Drive, Toccoa, Stephens, GA, USA

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Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

22.7% American Pit Bull Terrier
19.2% Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherd
17.1% Boxer
11.0% Border Collie
10.2% American Bulldog
9.3% Labrador Retriever
10.5% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.
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Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherd Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherd
Miniature American Shepherds (also known as Miniature Australian Shepherds, or Mini Aussies) have the trainability, intelligence and energy of the larger Aussie cousins, and excel at outdoors activities and agility competitions.
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Boxer Boxer
Developed in Germany, the Boxer is a popular family dog-patient, loyal and smart-requiring lots of exercise and proper training.
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Border Collie Border Collie
Border Collies are highly energetic and work oriented herding dogs, whose stamina is matched by their intelligence and alertness. If you want the smartest dog out there, then you have come to the right place!
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American Bulldog American Bulldog
American bulldogs are enjoying a healthy increase in popularity, either as a working/protector dog or as a family pet. All over the world, they are used variously as "hog dogs" (catching escaped pigs or hunting razorbacks), as cattle drovers and as working or sport K-9s. American Bulldogs also successfully compete in several dog sports such as dog obedience, Iron Dog competition and weight pulling.
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Labrador Retriever Labrador Retriever
The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

1.2 % MEDIUM Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight
Genetic Age
56 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Buddy’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherd
Boxer
Border Collie
American Bulldog
Labrador Retriever
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS American Pit Bull Terrier mix Mixed American Pit Bull Terrier Boxer / American Bulldog mix Miniature/ MAS-type Australian Shepherd / Border Collie Labrador Retriever mix American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier Boxer American Bulldog mix Miniature/ MAS-type Australian Shepherd Border Collie Labrador Retriever mix Mixed

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Buddy’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Health Summary

Buddy inherited two variants that you should learn more about.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Buddy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd?

PRA-prcd is a retinal disease that causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains cells, called photoreceptors, that collect information about light and send signals to the brain. There are two types of photoreceptors: rods, for night vision and movement, and cones, for day vision and color. This type of PRA leads to early loss of rod cells, leading to night blindness before day blindness.


Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Buddy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

What does this result mean?

This result does not impact your dog’s health. It could have consequences for siblings or other family members, and you should let them know if you are in contact with them.

What is Degenerative Myelopathy, DM?

The dog equivalent of Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis, or Lou Gehrig’s disease, DM is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord. Because the nerves that control the hind limbs are the first to degenerate, the most common clinical signs are back muscle wasting and gait abnormalities.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Border Collies and Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Hemophilia A

Identified in Boxers

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia

Identified in Boxers and Labrador Retrievers

Canine Elliptocytosis

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome

Identified in Border Collies

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Border Collies and Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Day Blindness

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy

Identified in American Bulldogs and Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Hereditary Cataracts

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Border Collies

Macular Corneal Dystrophy, MCD

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers, American Bulldogs, and more

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, NCL 5

Identified in Border Collies

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 6, NCL 6

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 10, NCL 10

Identified in American Bulldogs

Alexander Disease

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Narcolepsy

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Exercise-Induced Collapse

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Myotonia Congenita

Identified in Border Collies

X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Cobalamin Malabsorption

Identified in Border Collies

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Ichthyosis

Identified in American Bulldogs

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Oculoskeletal Dysplasia 1

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Additional Genetic Conditions


Clinical Tools

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have patterned fur
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
Fawn Sable coat color pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Intermediate
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation

Through Buddy’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A388

Map

A1a

Buddy’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A388

Buddy’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Staffordshire Terriers, Labrador Retrievers, and English Bulldogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

Through Buddy’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1

Haplotype

Ha.1

Map

A1

Buddy’s Haplogroup

A1 is the male lineage in several breeds that aren't very closely related to each other. Gordon Setters, Newfoundlands, and Miniature Schnauzers all had male founders from this paternal line, and now many males in those breeds carry their Y chromosome. Each of these breeds started in the past 200-300 years, and their founders must have included dogs that trace back to the same male ancestors deeper in dog evolutionary time, stretching all the way back to when dogs were first domesticated in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Unlike many Y chromosome (male) lineages found in European and recent American breeds, only one village dog (in Alaska) carries an A1 Y chromosome, indicating that the breeds from this lineage probably didn't travel around the world with European colonization as much as some other breeds.

Ha.1

Buddy’s Haplotype

The lone member of the A1 haplogroup, this haplotype occurs in Newfoundlands, Miniature Schnauzers, Gordon Setters, and village dogs in Alaska.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The Newfoundland is from the A1 paternal line.