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Buddy

Mixed Breed

“Buddy was rescued from a shelter. He likes to make friends wherever he goes. He is a good boy.”

This dog has been viewed 979 times and been given 14 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Learn how it’s done

Mixed Breed

28.4% Rottweiler
19.1% Chinese Shar-Pei
13.3% American Pit Bull Terrier
12.8% Beagle
7.4% German Shepherd Dog
7.3% Chow Chow
5.8% Pekingese
5.9% Supermutt

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Rottweiler Rottweiler
Originally used for driving cattle and protecting valuable convoys, Rottweilers are now popular family pets as well as guard, police and military dogs.
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Chinese Shar-Pei Chinese Shar-Pei
Also known as the Shar Pei or Chinese Fighting Dog, even though the Chinese Shar-Pei is the 134th breed recognized by the American Kennel Club, the dog breed has been around for hundreds of years. He was developed to guard, hunt, herd, and later, fight, and is known for his characteristic short, bristly coat, loose, wrinkled skin, and devotion to his family. Today, the Shar-Pei mostly enjoys life as a beloved companion.
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American Pit Bull Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier
The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.
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Beagle Beagle
The Beagle is a scent hound and a great family pet. They are known for being affectionate and having loud voices.
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German Shepherd Dog German Shepherd Dog
German Shepherds are confident, courageous dogs with a keen sense of smell and notable intelligence. These are active working dogs who excel at many canine sports and tasks -- they are true utility dogs! Their versatility combined with their loyal companionship has them consistently listed as one of the most popular breeds in the United States.
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Chow Chow Chow Chow
This distinctive-looking dog breed has a proud, independent spirit that some describe as catlike. Often aloof and suspicious of strangers, the Chow Chow may not be a cuddle buddy, but for the right person, they are a fiercely loyal companion.
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Pekingese Pekingese
Pekingese were dogs bred for centuries to be the prized companions of the imperial family of China. Today they are still cherished family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace.
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Genetic Stats


Wolfiness

2.0 % HIGH Learn More

Predicted Adult Weight

69 lbs Learn More

Genetic Age
24 human years Learn More
Based on the date of birth provided

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to Buddy’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Rottweiler
Chinese Shar-Pei
American Pit Bull Terrier
Beagle
German Shepherd Dog
Chow Chow
Pekingese
Supermutt

Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

 
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Rottweiler mix Chinese Shar-Pei / American Pit Bull Terrier mix Beagle / Chow Chow mix Rottweiler Chinese Shar-Pei / Beagle mix Chinese Shar-Pei American Pit Bull Terrier mix Beagle mix Chow Chow mix Rottweiler Rottweiler Chinese Shar-Pei mix Beagle mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Buddy’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

Summary

0
AT RISK
1
CARRIER
165
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical Traits

These clinical traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal

Buddy has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Buddy has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Buddy is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Buddy’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

Genetic Health Conditions

A genetic health condition indicates a genetic mutation that increases the risk that an animal develops a specific disease.

Not At Risk

Good news! Buddy did not test positive for any of the genetic conditions that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide Buddy’s diagnosis and treatment if he gets sick in the future.

Carrier for
1 genetic condition

Buddy is a carrier for 1 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

Buddy has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if Buddy ever has children.

Condition List

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - crd4/cord1
(RPGRIP1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Common Conditions

Good news! Buddy tested clear for 24 genetic conditions that are common in his breed mix.
Condition List

MDR1 Drug Sensitivity
(MDR1)
Clinical

Sensitivity to certain classes of drugs, notably the parasiticide ivermectin, as well as certain gastroprotectant and anti-cancer medications, occurs in dogs with mutatio…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Factor VII Deficiency
(F7 Exon 5)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A
(F8 Exon 11, Shepherd Variant 1)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Factor VIII Deficiency, Hemophilia A
(F8 Exon 1, Shepherd Variant 2)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III, LAD3
(FERMT3)
Blood

A rare disorder of white blood cells, this causes increased susceptibility to infections and bleeding tendencies. Affected dogs present with a history of persistent skin …

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Canine Elliptocytosis
(SPTB Exon 30)
Blood

A benign disease that affects red blood cell shape, elliptocytosis rarely causes symptoms. Upon examination of a blood smear, however, affected dogs have elongated, oval …

Seen in Chow Chows, but not Buddy.

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency
(PKLR Exon 7 Beagle Variant)
Blood

This is a disease of red blood cells characterized by low energy level, jaundiced skin, and pale and cool extremities. Dogs affected with PKD have red blood cells that ha…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1
(PDE6B)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Buddy.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd2
(IQCB1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Buddy.

Achromatopsia
(CNGA3 Exon 7 German Shepherd Variant)
Eyes

This is a progressive, nonpainful disorder of the retina that affects color vision and light perception. Cone cells not only register color, they allow the dog to adjust …

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Glaucoma
Primary Open Angle Glaucoma (ADAMTS10 Exon 17)
Eyes

A disease that affects humans and dogs alike; this is an adult-onset, medically manageable condition that causes high intraocular pressure (IOP). If left untreated, it ca…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Hyperuricosuria and Hyperuricemia or Urolithiasis, HUU
(SLC2A9)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes kidney and bladder stones composed of urate; if caught early, it is responsive to dietary management. Uric acid is an intermediate of purine metabol…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

X-linked Ectodermal Dysplasia, Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia
(EDA Intron 8)
Multisystem

This developmental condition can cause a scanty haircoat, malformed teeth, and few or absent sweat glands. Because dogs only have sweat glands on their paw pads, they are…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis, RCND
(FLCN Exon 7)
Multisystem

A multiorgan syndrome best described in the German Shepherd Dog, affected dogs display thick skin nodules and signs of kidney disease, and should be evaluated by a veteri…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII
(GUSB Exon 3)
Multisystem

A type of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause skeletal abnormalities, growth retardation, and gait abnormalities, and can require close monitoring and special measu…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 1, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL-A
(ARSG Exon 2)
Multisystem

This form of lysosomal storage disease can cause juvenile to adult-onset neurologic signs, depending on the affected gene. While lipofuscin is commonly observed in the ti…

Seen in American Pit Bull Terriers, but not Buddy.

Cerebellar Abiotrophy, Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration, NCCD
(SPTBN2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

Known as the “oldest” (even reptiles and more ancient species have them!) part of the brain, the cerebellum fine-tunes motor signals from the brain to the muscles, allowi…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Seen in German Shepherd Dogs, but not Buddy.

Fetal-Onset Neonatal Neuroaxonal Dystrophy
(MFN2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

This group of diseases center around the neuronal axon, a specialized cellular structure that helps our nervous systems relay information across great distances. Remember…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Juvenile Laryngeal Paralysis and Polyneuropathy, Polyneuropathy with Ocular Abnormalities and Neuronal Vacuolation, POANV
(RAB3GAP1, Rottweiler Variant)
Brain and Spinal Cord

First characterized in Rottweilers and Black Russian Terriers, puppies affected with JLPP tend to show signs as early as 3 months of age. Due to weakening or paralysis of…

Seen in Rottweilers, but not Buddy.

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia
(CAT)
Metabolic

This condition causes no ill effects in the majority of dogs; however, some dogs can suffer from mouth ulcers leading to difficulty eating and increased susceptibility to…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Imerslund-Grasbeck Syndrome, Selective Cobalamin Malabsorption
(CUBN Exon 8)
Gastrointestinal

This is a treatable gastrointestinal disease where dogs cannot absorb cobalamin, often causing them to be runty with poor energy levels. Cobalamin is required for synthes…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome
(ADAMTSL2)
Skin & Connective Tissues

First characterized in the Beagle, this condition causes abnormally strong connections between the structural proteins that provide strength and integrity to tissues like…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Osteogenesis Imperfecta, Brittle Bone Disease
(COL1A2)
Skeletal

A disease of bone strength and flexibilty, affected dogs often present to the vet for spontaneous bone fractures, tooth fractures and loss, and joint pain; these symptoms…

Seen in Beagles, but not Buddy.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 141

Buddy is clear of 141 other genetic conditions that Embark tests for.
Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance, size, and genetic diversity.
Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Light colored fur (cream to red)
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Likely black colored nose/feet
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
No impact on coat color
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark fur anywhere
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light to moderate shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Larger
Body Size 3
Intermediate
Body Size 4
Larger
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance

Through Buddy’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1/13

Map

B1

Buddy’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1/13

Buddy’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in Shih Tzus, Tibetan Spaniels, Maltese, and village dogs throughout the world including Central and South America, South Asia, and the South Pacific.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

Through Buddy’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

H1a.1

Map

A1a

Buddy’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

H1a.1

Buddy’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this common haplotype occurs in village dogs all over the world (outside of Asia), with many occurring in Central and South America. We have found this haplotype frequently in Bernese Mountain Dogs, Australian Shepherds, and Boston Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.