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Bucky

Mixed Breed

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“Bucky is a little rescue dog who came to us fm TX well trained; low maintenance: good off leash, and w/other dogs & people, w/a happy disposition, albeit an introvert. More than anything he's an amazing little companion dog. He's so funny looking that he's cute: long back, curly tail, brindle coloring, short legs, front paws that turn outward, underbite, brown slightly bulging eyes, and 1 ear that is ways points out to the side while the other ear is down. He weights a muscular 24 pounds.”

Instagram tag
@concorddogwalker

From

Texas, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 36 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Mixed Breed

Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Lhasa Apso

An independent breed, the Lhasa's goal in life is not necessarily to please their master. The Lhasa Apso is a small, hardy breed with a beautiful cloak of hair that parts down the back from head to tail. Their temperament is unique: joyful and mischievous, dignified and aloof. Popular in the show ring, the breed also excels at activities that provide constant challenges, such as agility.

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Rat Terrier

The Rat Terrier is an American dog breed with a background as a farm dog and hunting companion.

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Pug

The Pug is a breed of dog with a wrinkly, short-muzzled face and curled tail. Pugs are known for being sociable and gentle companion dogs.

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Shih Tzu

This ancient breed is the perfect lapdog. Sweet and easygoing, they want nothing more than to be close to their humans.

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Miniature Schnauzer

Miniature Schnauzers are an alert and spirited breed with guard dog tendencies.

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Start a conversation! Message this dog’s humans.

Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.3 % LOW

Predicted Adult Weight

12 lbs

Genetic Age
66 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Bucky

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Bucky. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Lhasa Apso
Rat Terrier
Pug
Shih Tzu
Miniature Schnauzer
Supermutt

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Would you like more information? Have you found a lost dog wearing an Embark dog tag? You can contact us at:

Bucky
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Rat Terrier mix Lhasa Apso mix Rat Terrier Pug / Miniature Schnauzer mix Lhasa Apso Shih Tzu / Lhasa Apso mix Rat Terrier Rat Terrier Pug Miniature Schnauzer mix Lhasa Apso Lhasa Apso Shih Tzu Lhasa Apso

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Bucky’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Bucky is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Bucky inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Bucky has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

ALT Activity

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Bucky inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Bucky has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Bucky has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Bucky is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Bucky’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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May-Hegglin Anomaly

Identified in Pugs

Prekallikrein Deficiency

Identified in Shih Tzus

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Pugs

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, GR-PRA1

Identified in Lhasa Apsos

Primary Lens Luxation

Identified in Rat Terriers

Persistent Mullerian Duct Syndrome, PMDS

Identified in Miniature Schnauzers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Pugs

Myotonia Congenita

Identified in Miniature Schnauzers

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

Identified in Lhasa Apsos

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Red Pigment Intensity LINKAGE
I (Intensity) Loci
No impact on coat pattern
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
No Call
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
Can have black masking (dark facial fur)
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have some white areas in coat
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Unlikely to have merle pattern
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely furnished (mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely light shedding
Coat Texture
Coat would likely be curly or wavy if long
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Smaller
Body Size 2
Intermediate
Body Size 3
Smaller
Body Size 4
Smaller
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation
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Through Bucky’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A18

Map

A1b

Bucky’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A18

Bucky’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1b haplogroup, we see this haplotype in village dogs in Central and South America, as well as French Polynesia. Among the breeds we have detected it in, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Chesapeake Bay Retrievers, Lhasa Apsos, and Pugs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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Through Bucky’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

Ambiguous_A1a

Map

A1a

Bucky’s Haplogroup

Some of the wolves that became the original dogs in Central Asia around 15,000 years ago came from this long and distinguished line of male dogs. After domestication, they followed their humans from Asia to Europe and then didn't stop there. They took root in Europe, eventually becoming the dogs that founded the Vizsla breed 1,000 years ago. The Vizsla is a Central European hunting dog, and all male Vizslas descend from this line. During the Age of Exploration, like their owners, these pooches went by the philosophy, "Have sail, will travel!" From the windy plains of Patagonia to the snug and homey towns of the American Midwest, the beaches of a Pacific paradise, and the broad expanse of the Australian outback, these dogs followed their masters to the outposts of empires. Whether through good fortune or superior genetics, dogs from the A1a lineage traveled the globe and took root across the world. Now you find village dogs from this line frolicking on Polynesian beaches, hanging out in villages across the Americas, and scavenging throughout Old World settlements. You can also find this "prince of patrilineages" in breeds as different as German Shepherds, Golden Retrievers, Pugs, Border Collies, Scottish Terriers, and Irish Wolfhounds. No male wolf line has been as successful as the A1a line!

Ambiguous_A1a

Bucky’s Haplotype

Paternal haplotypes are defined such that every unique marker we test for is necessary to make a confident call. In the case of your dog, there were too many missing Y-chromosome markers to reliably define a haplotype this way. However, we know your dog falls in the A1a haplogroup, which we can define more broadly.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Dogs with A1a lineage travelled during European Colonial times.

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