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Blueberry

Mixed Breed

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“Blueberry was the runt of the litter; even now as a grownup, she remains half the size and weight of her adult siblings.”

Place of Birth

British Columbia, Canada

Current Location

British Columbia, Canada

From

British Columbia, Canada

This dog has been viewed and been given 5 wags

Genetic Breed Result

Cardigan Welsh Corgi

Though less common than their Pembroke cousins, the Cardigan Welsh Corgi is perfectly suited to move cattle, as well as be a smart, driven companion for the right people. This breed is highly trainable, and often compared to a German Shepherd Dog in drive and attitude. Cardigans have the bark of a much bigger dog!

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Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherd

Miniature American Shepherds (also known as Miniature Australian Shepherds, or Mini Aussies) have the trainability, intelligence and energy of the larger Aussie cousins, and excel at outdoors activities and agility competitions.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.3 % LOW

Predicted Adult Weight

22 lbs

Genetic Age
29 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Blueberry

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Blueberry. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Cardigan Welsh Corgi
Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherd

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Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Blueberry’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Blueberry is at increased risk for two genetic health conditions.

Multiple Drug Sensitivity

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Blueberry inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Blueberry has one copy of a variant at the ABCB1 gene and is at risk for displaying adverse drug reactions. While she may not be as severely affected as a dog with two copies of the ABCB1 drug sensitivity allele, normal dosages of drugs could still have potentially severe effects on Blueberry. Please inform your veterinarian that Blueberry carries this variant; it is essential that they know this information before prescribing drugs.

What is Multiple Drug Sensitivity?

Sensitivity to certain classes of drugs, notably the parasiticide ivermectin, as well as certain gastroprotectant and anti-cancer medications, occurs in dogs with a mutation in the ABCB1 gene.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Blueberry inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Blueberry has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD

Identified in Cardigan Welsh Corgis

X-linked Severe Combined Immunodeficiency, X-SCID

Identified in Cardigan Welsh Corgis

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Cardigan Welsh Corgis

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Canine Multifocal Retinopathy, cmr1

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Hereditary Cataracts

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 6, NCL 6

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 8, NCL 8

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Cardigan Welsh Corgis

Exercise-Induced Collapse

Identified in Cardigan Welsh Corgis

Craniomandibular Osteopathy, CMO

Identified in Miniature/MAS-type Australian Shepherds

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Clinical Tools

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Dark or Light Fur
E (Extension) Locus
Can have dark fur
Red Pigment Intensity LINKAGE
I (Intensity) Loci
No impact on coat pattern
Brown or Black Pigment
B (Brown) Locus
Black or gray fur and skin
Color Dilution
D (Dilute) Locus
Dark (non-dilute) fur and skin
Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Hidden Patterning
K (Dominant Black) Locus
More likely to have a mostly solid black or brown fur coat
Body Pattern
A (Agouti) Locus
No impact on coat pattern
Facial Fur Pattern
E (Extension) Locus
No dark mask or grizzle facial fur patterns
Saddle Tan
No impact on coat pattern
White Spotting
S (White Spotting) Locus
Likely to have little to no white in coat
Merle
M (Merle) Locus
Likely to appear merle or "phantom merle"
Harlequin
No impact on coat pattern
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows)
Coat Length
Likely short or mid-length coat
Shedding
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding
Coat Texture
Likely straight coat
Hairlessness (Xolo type) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless
Hairlessness (Terrier type)
Very unlikely to be hairless
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 LINKAGE
Likely not albino
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length
Likely medium or long muzzle
Tail Length
Likely normal-length tail
Hind Dew Claws
Unlikely to have hind dew claws
Back Muscling & Bulk (Large Breed)
Likely normal muscling
Eye Color LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size 1
Intermediate
Body Size 2
Intermediate
Body Size 3
Smaller
Body Size 4
Intermediate
Body Size 5
Larger
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation
Normal altitude tolerance
Appetite LINKAGE
Normal food motivation
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Through Blueberry’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B90

Map

B1

Blueberry’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B90

Blueberry’s Haplotype

Part of the B1 haplogroup, the B90 haplotype occurs most commonly in Pembroke Welsh Corgis. We've also spotted it in Middle Eastern Village Dogs and East Asian Village Dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Blueberry inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Blueberry is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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