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Birdie

Mixed Breed

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Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

American Pit Bull Terrier

The American Pit Bull Terrier originated in the British Isles and descends from the Mastiff-type dogs introduced to England in antiquity. The breed was brought over to the United States by English immigrants in the 1800s, and quickly became one of the most popular and widespread breeds there.

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Treeing Walker Coonhound

The Treeing Walker Coonhound is phenomenal hunter and working dog. These hardy hounds were built with unmatched speed and stamina in their respective category. This American breed is mainly used today as a working/hunting dog, but can still make a wonderful companion.

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Siberian Husky

Bred initially in Northern Siberia, the Siberian Husky is a medium-sized working dog who is quick and light on their feet. Their moderately compact and well furred body, erect ears and brush tail suggest their Northern heritage. Huskies are very active and energetic and are known for being long distance sled dogs.

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Rat Terrier

The Rat Terrier is an American dog breed with a background as a farm dog and hunting companion.

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Labrador Retriever

The Labrador Retriever was bred for hunting and excelled in retrieving game after it was shot down. Known for its gentle disposition and loyalty, the Labrador Retriever has become a favorite of families and breeders alike.

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German Shepherd Dog

German Shepherds are confident, courageous dogs with a keen sense of smell and notable intelligence. These are active working dogs who excel at many canine sports and tasks -- they are true utility dogs! Their versatility combined with their loyal companionship has them consistently listed as one of the most popular breeds in the United States.

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Boxer

Developed in Germany, the Boxer is a popular family dog: patient, loyal and smart-requiring lots of exercise and proper training. For active families or owners looking for a rambunctious jogging buddy, Boxers may be the perfect breed. Boxers delight their humans with their sense of humor and affectionate nature.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

32 lbs

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
American Pit Bull Terrier
Treeing Walker Coonhound
Siberian Husky
Rat Terrier
Labrador Retriever
German Shepherd Dog
Boxer
Supermutt

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Birdie
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Mixed Mixed Rat Terrier / American Pit Bull Terrier mix Labrador Retriever / German Shepherd Dog mix Treeing Walker Coonhound mix American Pit Bull Terrier / Siberian Husky mix Rat Terrier American Pit Bull Terrier mix Labrador Retriever German Shepherd Dog mix Treeing Walker Coonhound Mixed American Pit Bull Terrier Siberian Husky

Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Birdie’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Birdie has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Birdie inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Birdie has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Birdie has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Birdie is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Birdie’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity (ABCB1)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 10, Boxer Variant)

Identified in Boxers

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 11, German Shepherd Variant 1)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Hemophilia A (F8 Exon 1, German Shepherd Variant 2)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Canine Leukocyte Adhesion Deficiency Type III, CLAD III (FERMT3, German Shepherd Variant)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Canine Elliptocytosis (SPTB Exon 30)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency (PKLR Exon 7, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Platelet Factor X Receptor Deficiency, Scott Syndrome (TMEM16F)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Congenital Hypothyroidism (TPO, Rat, Toy, Hairless Terrier Variant)

Identified in Rat Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd (PRCD Exon 1)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Golden Retriever Progressive Retinal Atrophy 2, GR-PRA2 (TTC8)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd1 (PDE6B, American Staffordshire Terrier Variant)

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1 (RPGRIP1)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

X-Linked Progressive Retinal Atrophy 1, XL-PRA1 (RPGR)

Identified in Siberian Huskies

Day Blindness (CNGA3 Exon 7, German Shepherd Variant)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Day Blindness (CNGA3 Exon 7, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Primary Lens Luxation (ADAMTS17)

Identified in Rat Terriers

Macular Corneal Dystrophy, MCD (CHST6)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers, German Shepherd Dogs, and more

Anhidrotic Ectodermal Dysplasia (EDA Intron 8)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Renal Cystadenocarcinoma and Nodular Dermatofibrosis (FLCN Exon 7)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Mucopolysaccharidosis Type VII, Sly Syndrome, MPS VII (GUSB Exon 3, German Shepherd Variant)

Identified in German Shepherd Dogs

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis, Cerebellar Ataxia, NCL4A (ARSG Exon 2, American Staffordshire Terrier Variant)

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

GM1 Gangliosidosis (GLB1 Exon 15, Alaskan Husky Variant)

Identified in Siberian Huskies

Alexander Disease (GFAP)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM (SOD1A)

Identified in Boxers and German Shepherd Dogs

L-2-Hydroxyglutaricaciduria, L2HGA (L2HGDH, Staffordshire Bull Terrier Variant)

Identified in American Pit Bull Terriers

Narcolepsy (HCRTR2 Intron 6, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Ullrich-like Congenital Muscular Dystrophy (COL6A3 Exon 10, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Centronuclear Myopathy, CNM (PTPLA)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Exercise-Induced Collapse, EIC (DNM1)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

X-Linked Myotubular Myopathy (MTM1, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Congenital Myasthenic Syndrome, CMS (COLQ, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Hereditary Nasal Parakeratosis, HNPK (SUV39H2)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Skeletal Dysplasia 2, SD2 (COL11A2, Labrador Retriever Variant)

Identified in Labrador Retrievers

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
No dark mask or grizzle (EE)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
Any light hair likely yellow or tan (Intermediate Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Fawn Sable coat color pattern (ayat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
Cocoa (HPS3)
No co alleles, not expressed (NN)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (Bb)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not expressed (NI)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely solid colored, but may have small amounts of white (Ssp)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
R Locus (USH2A) LINKAGE
Likely roan patterned (Rr)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely short or mid-length coat (GT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely light to moderate shedding (TT)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Short/natural bobtail (CG)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Smaller (II)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Birdie’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1b

Haplotype

A289

Map

A1b

Birdie’s Haplogroup

This female lineage was very likely one of the original lineages in the wolves that were first domesticated into dogs in Central Asia about 15,000 years ago. Since then, the lineage has been very successful and travelled the globe! Dogs from this group are found in ancient Bronze Age fossils in the Middle East and southern Europe. By the end of the Bronze Age, it became exceedingly common in Europe. These dogs later became many of the dogs that started some of today's most popular breeds, like German Shepherds, Pugs, Whippets, English Sheepdogs and Miniature Schnauzers. During the period of European colonization, the lineage became even more widespread as European dogs followed their owners to far-flung places like South America and Oceania. It's now found in many popular breeds as well as village dogs across the world!

A289

Birdie’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1b haplogroup, we have detected this haplotype most commonly in Standard Schnauzers, Rat Terriers, and Bullmastiffs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

A1b is the most common haplogroup found in German Shepherds.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Birdie inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Birdie is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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