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“Bella”
‘PR’ Brooks Bella

English Shepherd

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“Bella is young, affectionate, energetic and biddable. She's a quick learner, loves agility training and mastered obedience at a very young age. She is my hiking buddy. She hunts vermin when allowed. Guards the house and yard. Like most ES dogs, she loves her family and always wants to be near her people.”

Instagram tag
@bella_the.bean

Place of Birth

Washington, USA

Current Location

Berkeley, California, USA

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Registration

UKC: B275.761
Microchip: 991001000285855

Genetic Breed Result

English Shepherd

“Bella”
‘PR’ Brooks Bella

embk.me/i/bella1503

English Shepherd

A farmer's helper, a loyal companion, a child's shadow: The English Shepherd.

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Genetic Stats

Predicted Adult Weight

39 lbs

Genetic Age
26 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

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Changes to this dog’s profile
  • On 4/6/2020 changed name from ""PR" Brooks Bella" to "‘PR’ Brooks Bella"
  • On 3/31/2020 changed name from "Bella" to ""PR" Brooks Bella"

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Breed Reveal Video

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Bella’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Bella has one variant that you should let your vet know about.

ALT Activity

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Bella inherited both copies of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Bella has two copies of a variant in the GPT gene and is likely to have a lower than average baseline ALT activity. ALT is a commonly used measure of liver health on routine veterinary blood chemistry panels. As such, your veterinarian may want to watch for changes in Bella's ALT activity above their current, healthy, ALT activity. As an increase above Bella’s baseline ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity (ABCB1)

Identified in English Shepherds

Trapped Neutrophil Syndrome, TNS (VPS13B)

Identified in English Shepherds

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd (PRCD Exon 1)

Identified in English Shepherds

Collie Eye Anomaly (NHEJ1)

Identified in English Shepherds

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones (SLC2A9)

Identified in English Shepherds

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Coat Color

Coat Color

E Locus (MC1R)
No dark mask or grizzle (Ee)
K Locus (CBD103)
More likely to have a patterned haircoat (kyky)
Intensity Loci LINKAGE
Any light hair likely apricot or red (Intense Red Pigmentation)
A Locus (ASIP)
Fawn Sable coat color pattern (ayat)
D Locus (MLPH)
Dark areas of hair and skin are not lightened (DD)
B Locus (TYRP1)
Black or gray hair and skin (BB)
Saddle Tan (RALY)
Not expressed (NI)
S Locus (MITF)
Likely to have little to no white in coat (SS)
M Locus (PMEL)
No merle alleles (mm)
H Locus (Harlequin)
No harlequin alleles (hh)
Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings (RSPO2) LINKAGE
Likely unfurnished (no mustache, beard, and/or eyebrows) (II)
Coat Length (FGF5)
Likely long coat (TT)
Shedding (MC5R)
Likely heavy/seasonal shedding (CC)
Hairlessness (FOXI3) LINKAGE
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Hairlessness (SGK3)
Very unlikely to be hairless (NN)
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 (SLC45A2) LINKAGE
Likely not albino (NN)
Coat Texture (KRT71)
Likely straight coat (CC)
Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Muzzle Length (BMP3)
Likely medium or long muzzle (CC)
Tail Length (T)
Likely normal-length tail (CC)
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
Unlikely to have hind dew claws (CC)
Blue Eye Color (ALX4) LINKAGE
Less likely to have blue eyes (NN)
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breed (ACSL4)
Likely normal muscling (CC)
Body Size

Body Size

Body Size (IGF1)
Larger (NN)
Body Size (IGFR1)
Larger (GG)
Body Size (STC2)
Larger (TT)
Body Size (GHR - E191K)
Smaller (AA)
Body Size (GHR - P177L)
Larger (CC)
Performance

Performance

Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
Normal altitude tolerance (GG)
Appetite (POMC) LINKAGE
Normal food motivation (NN)
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Through Bella’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

E

Haplotype

E11

Map

E

‘PR’ Brooks Bella’s Haplogroup

Haplogroup E is a very rare maternal line, present primarily in Northern breed dogs and dogs with some level of recent gray wolf ancestry.

E11

‘PR’ Brooks Bella’s Haplotype

The E haplogroup in general is not common. It has been found in dogs with some level of background mixing with its wolf-like ancestors.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

An example of an Akita.

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The Paternal Haplotype reveals a dog’s deep ancestral lineage, stretching back thousands of years to the original domestication of dogs.

Are you looking for information on the breeds that Bella inherited from her mom and dad? Check out her breed breakdown and family tree.

Paternal Haplotype is determined by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since Bella is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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