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Baz

Mixed Ancestry

“Baz is quite the character! Loves to sniff. Loves the water. Would like to re-unite with his siblings! Born May 2019.”

Place of Birth

Greater Sudbury, Ontario, Canada

Current Location

Toronto, Ontario, Canada

From

Brampton, Ontario, Canada

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Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Beagle

The Beagle is a scent hound and a great family pet. They are known for being affectionate and having loud voices.

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American Foxhound

American Foxhounds, the American cousin of the English Foxhounds, are a lucky breed because their history and ancestry are well documented. They came over to the New World in 1650 with a man named Robert Brooke, who sailed from England to Crown Colony in North America (now modern day Maryland and Virginia). This pack of hunting dogs, beloved by the Brooke Family for hundreds of years, evolved to become the American Foxhound. The Brooke hounds were likely mixed with French hounds that were also brought to the Americas, and it was this mix of European breeds that eventually gave us our beloved American Foxhound.

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English Springer Spaniel

English Springer Spaniels are an energetic and loyal companion dog, bred for hunting but also popular among families.

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Bluetick Coonhound

Bluetick Coonhounds are an American breed of hound that originated in the Southern United States, which is a pretty common story for American breeds, particularly hounds. While they can make good house dogs, Bluetick Coonhounds are still mostly hunting dogs.

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Shetland Sheepdog

Shetland Sheepdogs are a lively, smart and athletic herding dogs that also makes a great family pet.

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Dogs Like Baz

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Baz. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Beagle
American Foxhound
English Springer Spaniel
Bluetick Coonhound
Shetland Sheepdog
Supermutt

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Here’s what Baz’s family tree may have looked like.
Baz
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS American Foxhound mix Beagle mix American Foxhound Bluetick Coonhound / Shetland Sheepdog mix Beagle English Springer Spaniel / Beagle mix American Foxhound American Foxhound Bluetick Coonhound Shetland Sheepdog mix Beagle Beagle English Springer Spaniel Beagle
While there may be other possible configurations of his family’s relationships, this is the most likely family tree to explain Baz’s breed mix.

Breed Reveal Video

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Health Summary

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Baz is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Baz inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Baz has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

ALT Activity

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Baz inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Baz has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Baz has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Baz is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Baz’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Factor VII Deficiency

Identified in American Foxhounds and Beagles

Von Willebrand Disease Type III, Type III vWD

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Pyruvate Kinase Deficiency

Identified in Beagles

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, CNGA

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Beagles and English Springer Spaniels

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Primary Open Angle Glaucoma

Identified in Beagles

Congenital Stationary Night Blindness

Identified in Beagles

Canine Fucosidosis

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Neonatal Cerebellar Cortical Degeneration

Identified in Beagles

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in English Springer Spaniels and Shetland Sheepdogs

Shaking Puppy Syndrome

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Acral Mutilation Syndrome

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Long QT Syndrome

Identified in English Springer Spaniels

Hypocatalasia, Acatalasemia

Identified in Beagles

Cobalamin Malabsorption

Identified in Beagles

Musladin-Lueke Syndrome, MLS

Identified in Beagles

Osteogenesis Imperfecta

Identified in Beagles

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Traits

Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Baz’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

B1

Haplotype

B1c

Map

B1

Baz’s Haplogroup

B1 is the second most common maternal lineage in breeds of European or American origin. It is the female line of the majority of Golden Retrievers, Basset Hounds, and Shih Tzus, and about half of Beagles, Pekingese and Toy Poodles. This lineage is also somewhat common among village dogs that carry distinct ancestry from these breeds. We know this is a result of B1 dogs being common amongst the European dogs that their conquering owners brought around the world, because nowhere on earth is it a very common lineage in village dogs. It even enables us to trace the path of (human) colonization: Because most Bichons are B1 and Bichons are popular in Spanish culture, B1 is now fairly common among village dogs in Latin America.

B1c

Baz’s Haplotype

Part of the large B1 haplogroup, we have detected this haplotype in Mexico and Lebanon village dogs. Among the 12 breeds that we have spotted this haplotype in, it occurs most frequently in Border Collies, Australian Shepherd Dogs, and West Highland white Terriers.

The B1 haplogroup can be found in village dogs like the Peruvian Village Dog, pictured above.

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Through Baz’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A2b

Haplotype

Hc.13

Map

A2b

Baz’s Haplogroup

A2b appears to have split a few times in succession, which means that some of the Central Asian male ancestors of this lineage went their separate ways before their respective Y chromosomes made their rounds. There is not much diversity in this lineage, meaning that it has only begun to take off recently. Two iconic breeds, the Dachshund and Bloodhound, represent this lineage well. Over half of Rottweilers are A2b, as are the majority of Labrador Retrievers and Cavalier King Charles Spaniels. While A2a is restricted mostly to East Asia, this paternal line is also found among European breeds.

Hc.13

Baz’s Haplotype

Part of the A2b haplogroup, the Hc.13 haplotype occurs most commonly in American Eskimo Dogs and Staffordshire Terriers. We've also spotted it in American Village Dogs.

A2b is found in the Daschund breed.

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