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Andy

Mixed Breed

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“Andy is definitely a velcro dog. He loves my dad very much and follows him around everywhere he goes.”

Current Location

Wenatchee, Washington, USA

From

Wenatchee, WA, USA

This dog has been viewed and been given 2 wags

Genetic Breed Result

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Embark Supermutt analysis

What’s in that Supermutt? There may be small amounts of DNA from these distant ancestors:

Cocker Spaniel

Cocker Spaniels are handsome and intelligent hunting dogs that are also well-suited to life as a loving family pet.

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Chihuahua

Chihuahuas have a huge personality that defies their tiny frame, known to be highly active and intelligent canines.

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Poodle (Small)

A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.

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Pomeranian

The Pomeranian is a cocky, animated companion with an extroverted personality.

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Pekingese

Pekingese were dogs bred for centuries to be the prized companions of the imperial family of China. Today they are still cherished family companions and show dogs who greet everyone they meet with dignity and grace.

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Shetland Sheepdog

Shetland Sheepdogs are a lively, smart and athletic herding dogs that also makes a great family pet.

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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness

0.9 % MEDIUM

Predicted Adult Weight

21 lbs

Genetic Age
98 human years

Based on the date of birth provided

Dogs Like Andy

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Discover dogs who share a similar breed mix to Andy. A higher score means the two dogs have more of their breed mix in common. A score of 100% means they share the exact same breed mix!

Click or tap on a pic to learn more about each dog and see an in-depth comparison of their DNA, breeds, and more.

DNA Breed Origins

Breed colors:
Cocker Spaniel
Chihuahua
Poodle (Small)
Pomeranian
Pekingese
Shetland Sheepdog
Supermutt

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Andy
Family Tree From Embark PARENTS GRANDPARENTS GREAT GRANDPARENTS Cocker Spaniel mix Mixed Cocker Spaniel Chihuahua mix Poodle (Small) / Pekingese mix Pomeranian / Shetland Sheepdog mix Cocker Spaniel Cocker Spaniel Chihuahua Mixed Poodle (Small) Pekingese mix Pomeranian mix Shetland Sheepdog mix

Our algorithms predict this is the most likely family tree to explain Andy’s breed mix, but this family tree may not be the only possible one.

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Health Summary

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Andy is at increased risk for one genetic health condition.

And inherited one variant that you should learn more about.

Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)

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Andy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

How to interpret this result

Andy has one copy of an FGF4 retrogene on chromosome 12. In some breeds such as Beagles, Cocker Spaniels, and Dachshunds (among others) this variant is found in nearly all dogs. While those breeds are known to have an elevated risk of IVDD, many dogs in those breeds never develop IVDD. For mixed breed dogs and purebreds of other breeds where this variant is not as common, risk for Type I IVDD is greater for individuals with this variant than for similar dogs.

What is Intervertebral Disc Disease (Type I)?

Type I Intervertebral Disc Disease (IVDD) is a back/spine issue that refers to a health condition affecting the discs that act as cushions between vertebrae. With Type I IVDD, affected dogs can have a disc event where it ruptures or herniates towards the spinal cord. This pressure on the spinal cord causes neurologic signs which can range from a wobbly gait to impairment of movement. Chondrodystrophy (CDDY) refers to the relative proportion between a dog’s legs and body, wherein the legs are shorter and the body longer. There are multiple different variants that can cause a markedly chondrodystrophic appearance as observed in Dachshunds and Corgis. However, this particular variant is the only one known to also increase the risk for IVDD.

ALT Activity

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Andy inherited one copy of the variant we tested

Why is this important to your vet?

Andy has one copy of a variant associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that Andy has this genotype, as ALT is often used as an indicator of liver health and Andy is likely to have a lower than average resting ALT activity. As such, an increase in Andy’s ALT activity could be evidence of liver damage, even if it is within normal limits by standard ALT reference ranges.

What is ALT Activity?

Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) is a clinical tool that can be used by veterinarians to better monitor liver health. This result is not associated with liver disease. ALT is one of several values veterinarians measure on routine blood work to evaluate the liver. It is a naturally occurring enzyme located in liver cells that helps break down protein. When the liver is damaged or inflamed, ALT is released into the bloodstream.

Breed-Relevant Genetic Conditions

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Multiple Drug Sensitivity

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Von Willebrand Disease Type III, Type III vWD

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Von Willebrand Disease Type I, Type I vWD

Identified in Small Poodles

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, rcd3

Identified in Pomeranians

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, CNGA

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, prcd

Identified in Chihuahuas, Cocker Spaniels, and more

Progressive Retinal Atrophy, crd4/cord1

Identified in Chihuahuas

Collie Eye Anomaly

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Urate Kidney & Bladder Stones

Identified in Pomeranians

Familial Nephropathy

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase Deficiency, PFK Deficiency

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Neuronal Ceroid Lipofuscinosis 7, NCL 7

Identified in Chihuahuas

GM2 Gangliosidosis

Identified in Small Poodles

Spinocerebellar Ataxia with Myokymia and/or Seizures

Identified in Chihuahuas

Degenerative Myelopathy, DM

Identified in Shetland Sheepdogs

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures, NEWS

Identified in Small Poodles

Acral Mutilation Syndrome

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Exercise-Induced Collapse, EIC

Identified in Cocker Spaniels

Oculocutaneous Albinism, OCA

Identified in Pekingese and Pomeranians

Hereditary Vitamin D-Resistant Rickets

Identified in Pomeranians

Osteochondrodysplasia

Identified in Small Poodles

Additional Genetic Conditions

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Explore the genetics behind your dog’s appearance and size.

Base Coat Color

Base Coat Color

Coat Color Modifiers

Coat Color Modifiers

Other Coat Traits

Other Coat Traits

Other Body Features

Other Body Features

Body Size

Body Size

Performance

Performance

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Through Andy’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace his mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1a

Haplotype

A393

Map

A1a

Andy’s Haplogroup

A1a is the most common maternal lineage among Western dogs. This lineage traveled from the site of dog domestication in Central Asia to Europe along with an early dog expansion perhaps 10,000 years ago. It hung around in European village dogs for many millennia. Then, about 300 years ago, some of the prized females in the line were chosen as the founding dogs for several dog breeds. That set in motion a huge expansion of this lineage. It's now the maternal lineage of the overwhelming majority of Mastiffs, Labrador Retrievers and Gordon Setters. About half of Boxers and less than half of Shar-Pei dogs descend from the A1a line. It is also common across the world among village dogs, a legacy of European colonialism.

A393

Andy’s Haplotype

Part of the large A1a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most frequently in Yorkshire Terriers, Russel-type Terriers, and Tibetan Terriers.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Shar Pei dogs think A1a is the coolest!

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Through Andy’s Y-chromosome we can trace his father’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that his ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A2a

Haplotype

Hc.5

Map

A2a

Andy’s Haplogroup

A2a is a truly ancient lineage. Unlike the recent upstart A1 lineages which found their way from a few popular European males a couple hundred years ago into many dogs in many breeds, A2a shows ancient roots without major recent expansion. It is likely one of the oldest eastern Eurasian male lineages of dogs, where it has existed for thousands of years. Nowadays, it's commonly found in Tibetan Terriers and Chow Chows as well as in Southeastern Asian village dogs. The Chow Chow seems to have been depicted in sculpture over 2,000 years ago, so this is an ancient lineage indeed, and dogs with it have a long and noble pedigree! Males from this lineage have continued to be bred in similar forms and breeds for millennia.

Hc.5

Andy’s Haplotype

Part of the A2a haplogroup, this haplotype occurs most commonly in Chow Chows and village dogs from Papua New Guinea.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

The large-sized Tibetan Mastiff descends from this ancient lineage.

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