What is Embark?

“BELLA”
HUITERTY BELLADONNA

Mixed Breed

“GEMA AND CARSONS GIRL FROM PRECIOUS GEM LITTER”

Place of birth
Cañon City, Colorado, USA
Location
Cañon City, Colorado, USA
From
Cañon City, Colorado, USA

This dog has been viewed 87 times and been given 0 wags

Registration

AMERICAN COCKAPOO CLUB: HHLAD18CP1501

Genetic Breed Result

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Mixed Breed

50.0% Poodle (Small)
26.5% English Cocker Spaniel
23.5% English Cocker Spaniel (Working Type)
Poodle (Small) Poodle (Small)
A highly intelligent and playful dog, Miniature and Toy Poodles make for great lap dogs and companions.
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English Cocker Spaniel English Cocker Spaniel
English Cockers are a medium-size dog with long ears and a happy disposition. The name Cocker comes from their use to hunt woodcock in England, although English Cockers have been used to hunt many other types of birds as well. They make great companion dogs for people who can give them the exercise they need.
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English Cocker Spaniel (Working Type) English Cocker Spaniel (Working Type)
English Cockers are a medium-size dog with long ears and a happy disposition. The name Cocker comes from their use to hunt woodcock in England, although English Cockers have been used to hunt many other types of birds as well. They make great companion dogs for people who can give them the exercise they need. A field-bred cocker spaniel is first and foremost an upland flushing dog, bred for skills like hup, retrieve to hand, quarter, follow hand signals, and steady.
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Genetic Stats

Wolfiness: 0.6 % LOW Learn More
Predicted Adult Weight: 17 lbs Learn More
Genetic Age: 20 human years Learn More

Breed Mix Matches

Explore other Embark dogs who have breed mixes that are similar to BELLA’s.
A Mix Match of 100 means they are the exact same breed mix!

DNA Breed Origins

What’s this?
Breed colors:
Poodle (Small)
English Cocker Spaniel
English Cocker Spaniel (Working Type)

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Summary

0
AT RISK
2
CARRIER
169
CLEAR
Tap above or scroll down to see more

Clinical traits

These genetic traits are valuable to your veterinarian and can inform the clinical decisions and diagnoses they make.

Alanine Aminotransferase Activity result: Low Normal
The liver enzyme alanine aminotransferase, or ALT, is one of several values your veterinarian measures on routine blood work to gauge liver health. Dogs with one or more …
HUITERTY BELLADONNA has one copy of a mutation associated with reduced ALT activity as measured on veterinary blood chemistry panels. Please inform your veterinarian that…

Not At Risk

Good news! BELLA did not test positive for any of the genetic diseases that Embark screens for.

It is still important to let your veterinarian know these results because they could help guide BELLA’s diagnosis and treatment if she gets sick in the future.

Carrier for 2 genetic conditions

BELLA is a carrier for 2 of the genetic diseases that Embark tests for.
What does Carrier mean?

BELLA has inherited a recessive allele for a genetic trait or mutation. This is not enough to cause symptoms of the disease, but is important to bear in mind if BELLA ever has children.

Condition List

Degenerative Myelopathy
(SOD1A)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A disease of mature dogs, this is a progressive degenerative disorder of the spinal cord that can cause muscle wasting and gait abnormalities. Affected dogs do not usuall…

Hereditary Sensory Autonomic Neuropathy (HSAN), Acral Mutilation Syndrome
(GDNF-AS)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A rare condition affecting the ability to feel pain, HSAN has been diagnosed in French Spaniels, English Springer Spaniels, English Pointers, and German Shorthaired Point…

Common Conditions

Good news! BELLA tested clear for 9 genetic conditions that are common in her breed mix.
Condition List

Von Willebrand Disease Type I
(VWF)
Blood

Coagulopathies, disorders of blood clotting, can lead to symptoms such as easy bruising or bleeding. Dogs with coagulopathies are often at risk for excessive bleeding dur…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

Congenital Macrothrombocytopenia
(TUBB1 Exon 1, Cavalier King Charles Spaniel Variant)
Blood

This is a benign disorder of platelet production that leads to abnormally large, sparse platelets. Affected dogs typically do not suffer any ill effects from the size or …

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

Progressive Retinal Atrophy - prcd
Progressive rod-cone degeneration (PRCD Exon 1)
Eyes

This retinal disease causes progressive, non-painful vision loss. The retina contains the cells, photoreceptors, that collect information about light: that is, they are t…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, English Cocker Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniel (Working Type)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

Autosomal Recessive Hereditary Nephropathy, Familial Nephropathy
(COL4A4 Exon 3)
Kidney and Bladder

This condition causes inappropriate loss of protein in the urine, which leads to muscle wasting, abnormal fluid accumulation in the skin and limbs, and excessive thirst a…

Seen in English Cocker Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniel (Working Type)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

Glycogen storage disease Type VII, Phosphofructokinase deficiency
(PFKM Whippet and English Springer Spaniel Variant)
Multisystem

Affecting an enzyme required for red blood cell and skeletal muscle cell energy production, phosphofructokinase (PFK) deficiency causes red blood cells and skeletal muscl…

Seen in English Cocker Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniel (Working Type)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

GM2 Gangliosidosis
(HEXB, Poodle Variant)
Multisystem

An early onset form of lysosomal storage disease, this can cause affected dogs to display neurologic signs as puppies or young adults. These include partial or total visi…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

Neonatal Encephalopathy with Seizures (NEWS)
(ATF2)
Brain and Spinal Cord

A neurologic disease of puppies, affected puppies are often smaller than their unaffected littermates and require intensive nursing care. Without this extra support, pupp…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

Exercise-Induced Collapse
(DNM1)
Muscular

First characterized in field-trial lines of Labrador Retriever dogs, this muscle disorder can cause episodes of muscle weakness and sometimes collapse; after recovering, …

Seen in English Cocker Spaniels, English Cocker Spaniel (Working Type)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

Osteochondrodysplasia, Skeletal Dwarfism
(SLC13A1)
Skeletal

A form of skeletal dwarfism, this causes affected dogs to have abnormally short legs but a normal sized body due to abnormal fetal skeletal maturation. As a fetus, most o…

Seen in Poodle (Small)s, but not HUITERTY BELLADONNA.

Other Conditions:
Clear of 160

BELLA is clear of 160 other genetic diseases that Embark tests for.

Reports and Downloads

Veterinary Report For your veterinarian

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Family tree

Traits

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

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Coat Color

A number of genes are known to affect coat color in dogs, and they all interact. In some cases, other genetic effects may also influence color and pattern.

Trait
Result
 
E Locus (Mask, Grizzle, Recessive Red)
ee
K Locus (Dominant Black)
KBky
A Locus (Agouti, Sable)
atat
D Locus (Dilute, Blue, Fawn)
DD
B Locus (Brown, Chocolate, Liver, Red, Dudley)
BB

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Color genes:

Other Coat Traits

Furnishings, shedding and curls are all genetic! And they all interact, too. In fact, the combination of these genes explains the coat phenotypes of 90% of AKC registered dog breeds.

Trait
Result
 
Furnishings / Improper Coat (RSPO2)
FI
Long Haircoat (FGF5)
TT
Shedding (MC5R)
CT
Curly Coat (KRT71)
CT
Hairlessness (FOXI3)
LINKAGE
N/N
Hairlessness (SGK3)
NN
Oculocutaneous Albinism Type 2 - OCA2, Doberman Z Factor Albinism (SLC45A2)
LINKAGE
N/N

More information on coat type genetics: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC2897713/figure/F3/

Other Embark dogs with these Coat Traits genes:

Other Body Features

Trait
Result
 
Brachycephaly (BMP3)
CC
Natural Bobtail (T)
CC
Hind Dewclaws (LMBR1)
CC
Blue Eye Color
LINKAGE
N/N
Back Muscling & Bulk, Large Breeds Only
CC

Body Size

Body size is a complex trait that is affected by both genetic and environmental variation. Our genetic analysis includes genes that, together, explain over 80% of the variation in dog body size. It does not account for runting or stunting; nor does it account for the interactions between various genes both known and unknown.

Trait
Result
 
Body Size - IGF1
II
Body Size - IGF1R
GA
Body Size - STC2
TA
Body Size - GHR (E195K)
GA
Body Size - GHR (P177L)
CT

Other Embark dogs with these Body Size genes:

Performance

Trait
Result
 
Altitude Adaptation (EPAS1)
GG

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Family tree

Health

Maternal Haplotype

Paternal Haplotype

Through BELLA’s mitochondrial DNA we can trace her mother’s ancestry back to where dogs and people first became friends. This map helps you visualize the routes that her ancestors took to your home. Their story is described below the map.

Haplogroup

A1e

Haplotype

A437

Map

A1e

HUITERTY BELLADONNA’s Haplogroup

This female lineage likely stems from some of the original Central Asian wolves that were domesticated into modern dogs starting about 15,000 years ago. It seemed to be a fairly rare dog line for most of dog history until the past 300 years, when the lineage seemed to “explode” out and spread quickly. What really separates this group from the pack is its presence in Alaskan village dogs and Samoyeds. It is possible that this was an indigenous lineage brought to the Americas from Siberia when people were first starting to make that trip themselves! We see this lineage pop up in overwhelming numbers of Irish Wolfhounds, and it also occurs frequently in popular large breeds like Bernese Mountain Dogs, Saint Bernards and Great Danes. Shetland Sheepdogs are also common members of this maternal line, and we see it a lot in Boxers, too. Though it may be all mixed up with European dogs thanks to recent breeding events, its origins in the Americas makes it a very exciting lineage for sure!

A437

HUITERTY BELLADONNA’s Haplotype

Part of the A1e haplogroup, the A437 haplotype occurs most commonly in Brussels Griffons, Armenian Gamprs and Russell-type Terriers. We've also spotted it in East Asian Village Dogs, Middle Eastern Village Dogs and American Village Dogs.

Some other Embark dogs with this haplotype:

Irish Wolfhounds are a consistent carrier of A1e.

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Health

Traits

Paternal Haplotype

This 'Paternal Haplotype' tab is for deep ancestral lineage going back thousands of years.

For recent ancestry—"What breeds did my dog inherit from her mom and dad?"—please refer to the Breed, Family Tree, or Summary tab.

The Paternal Haplotype refers to a dog’s deep ancestral lineage stretching back thousands of years, before there were any distinct breeds of dog. We determine the Paternal Haplotype by looking at a dog’s Y-chromosome—but not all dogs have Y-chromosomes!

Why can’t we show Paternal Haplotype results for female dogs?

All dogs have two sex chromosomes. Female dogs have two X-chromosomes (XX) and male dogs have one X-chromosome and one Y-chromosome (XY). When having offspring, female (XX) dogs always pass an X-chromosome to their puppy. Male (XY) dogs can pass either an X or a Y-chromosome—if the puppy receives an X-chromosome from its father then it will be a female (XX) puppy and if it receives a Y-chromosome then it will be a male (XY) puppy. As you can see, Y-chromosomes are passed down from a male dog only to its male offspring.

Since BELLA is a female (XX) dog, she has no Y-chromosome for us to analyze and determine a paternal haplotype.

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Family tree

Health

Traits

Maternal Haplotype